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Table 4 Effects of the maternal role adaptation program (N = 67)

From: Effects of a maternal role adjustment program for first time mothers who use postpartum care centers (Sanhujoriwon) in South Korea: a quasi-experimental study

Factors Group n Baseline
M (SD)
Posttest 1
M (SD)
Posttest 2
M (SD)
Posttest 3
M (SD)
Group
p
Time
p
Group*Time
p
Maternal role confidence Cont. 37 28.32 (6.14) 31.97 (6.13) 37.08 (5.52) 32.78 (4.57) .208 <.001 .025
Exp. 30 29.37 (6.59) 31.43 (5.12) 36.30 (5.36) 35.80 (3.71)    
t(p)    −0.67 (.506) 0.39 (.701) 0.58 (.562) −2.92 (.005)    
Breastfeeding success score Cont.
Exp.
37
30
3.73 (0.65) 2.57 (0.77) 3.76 (0.86)
3.00 (0.98)
3.78 (1.34)
3.73 (1.28)
3.14 (1.87)
3.93 (1.51)
<.001 <.001 <.001
t(p) or Fa(p)    6.86 (<.001) 1.43a (.236) 7.97a (.006) 14.31a (<.001)    
  1. Baseline: 2–7 days after childbirth (the admission day to Sanhujoriwon), Posttest 1: 2–3 weeks after childbirth (the discharge day from Sanhujoriwon), Posttest 2: 4–6 weeks after childbirth, Posttest 3: 12 weeks after childbirth;
  2. Cont. Control group, Exp. Experimental group, M Mean, SD Standard Deviation
  3. aANCOVA test controlling for baseline breastfeeding success score