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Table 1 Group-specific characteristics of the study participants (N = 51)

From: The performance of balance exercises during daily tooth brushing is not sufficient to improve balance and muscle strength in healthy older adults

Characteristic INT (n = 27) CON (n = 24) p-value
Age (years) 65.1 (1.1) 66.2 (3.3) 0.243
Sex (f/m) 15/12 12/12  
Body height (m) 1.69 (0.09) 1.71 (0.09) 0.600
Body mass (kg) 73.3 (13.0) 76.3 (11.6) 0.380
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2 (4.3) 26.5 (2.5) 0.552
CDT all participants were classified as non-pathological  
MMSE (points) 28.5 (1.4) 28.3 (0.9) 0.192
FQoPA (h/week) 12.0 (10.5) 7.5 (5.4) 0.064
  1. Notes: Values are means and standard deviations in parenthesis. INT intervention group (i.e., tooth brushing in combination with balance exercises); CON passive control group (i.e., tooth brushing only); BMI body mass index; CDT Clock Drawing Test; MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination; FQoPA Freiburg questionnaire of physical activity; f female; m male