Skip to main content

Table 2 Injurious falls and injured fallers between 1997 and 2018, rate of injurious falls, incidence rate ratio (IRR) and hazard ratio (HR) adjusted for age, height and weight at baseline (95% CI)

From: Does long-term recreational gymnastics prevent injurious falls in older women? A prospective 20-year follow-up

 Sedentary controls n = 84Recreational gymnasts
n = 103
All
n = 187
All injurious falls, n194184378
All injurious falls/10 years1.200.91 
All falls with fractures3963 
All falls with fractures/10 years0.240.31 
Age at first injurious fall, years72.0 (6.4)72.7 (8.1)72.3 (7.3)
Non-Faller, n (%)17 (20.2)35 (34.0)52 (27.8)
Injured faller, n (%)67 (79.8)68 (66.0)135 (72.2)
Faller (1 fall)23 (27.3)24 (23.3)47 (25.1)
Faller (2 falls)14 (16.7)19 (18.4)33 (17.6)
Faller (multiple falls)30 (35.7)25 (24.3)55 (29.4)
Fallers with fractures, n (%)29 (34.5)38 (36.9)67 (35.8)
Fallers with 1 fall resulting fracture24 (28.6)25 (24.3)49 (26.2)
Fallers with 2 falls resulting fractures2 (2.4)7 (6.8)9 (4.8)
Fallers with multiple falls resulting fractures3 (3.6)6 (5.8)9 (4.8)
Age at first fracture, years76.2 (6.8)72.4 (7.5)74.1 (7.4)
IRR (95% CI)  P-value
 All injurious falls10.71 (0.52 to 0.96)*0.026
 Falls with fractures11.32 (0.81 to 2.17)0.27
HR (95% CI)
 All injured fallers10.73 (0.52 to 1.02)0.068
 Fallers with fractures11.16 (0.72 to 1.89)0.54
  1. *Statistically significant difference between groups, p < 0.05