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Performance and scientific objectives of the SELENE (KAGUYA) Multiband Imager


The Multiband Imager (MI) is one of the 14 instruments for the Japanese SELENE (KAGUYA) mission. Goal of the SELENE (KAGUYA) mission is to understand origin and evolution of the Moon by obtaining global element and mineral compositions, topological structure, gravity field of the whole Moon, and electromagnetic and particle environment of the Moon. MI is designed to be a high-resolution multiband imaging camera with a spatial resolution in visible bands of 20 m and a spatial resolution in near-infrared bands of 62 m from the 100 km SELENE (KAGUYA) orbit altitude. The MI flight model has been manufactured and integrated. MTF, viewing vector, over-all sensibility, sensor linearity and electrical noise level (S/N estimation test) were measured, and the results indicate that the MI will provide sufficient MTF and low-noise data, just as estimated in the MI design phase. Operation and data analyses plans have been established, and related tools and algorithms have been developed and checked. One of MI scientific objectives is to investigate small but scientifically very important areas such as crater central peaks and crater walls and to investigate magnesian anorthosites.


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Correspondence to Makiko Ohtake.

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Ohtake, M., Haruyama, J., Matsunaga, T. et al. Performance and scientific objectives of the SELENE (KAGUYA) Multiband Imager. Earth Planet Sp 60, 257–264 (2008).

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Key words

  • Moon
  • Multiband Imager