Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 215–230 | Cite as

Distinguished seismological and electromagnetic features of the impending global failure: Did the 7/9/1999 M5.9 Athens earthquake come with a warning?

  • Panayiotis KapirisEmail author
  • Konstantinos Nomicos
  • George Antonopoulos
  • John Polygiannakis
  • Konstantinos Karamanos
  • John Kopanas
  • Athanassios Zissos
  • Athanassios Peratzakis
  • Konstantinos Eftaxias
Open Access


Clear VLF electromagnetic (EM) anomalies were detected prior to the Athens earthquake (EQ). We attempt to establish the hypothesis that these emissions were launched from the pre-focal area during micro-fracturing process. The spectral analysis in terms of fractal dynamics reveals that distinquished alterations in the associated scaling parameters emerge as the EQ is approached. These alterations suggests that the evolution of the Earth’s crust towards the “critical point” takes place not only in the seismological sense but also in the pre-fracture EM sense. VAN-signals and space-time TIR-signals were also detected prior to the Athens EQ. These anomalies, as well as the fault modeling of the Athens EQ obtained by interferometric combinations of ERS2 SAR images bring further support for the confidence in the reliability of our conclusions.

Key words

Earthquake prediction wavelet analysis intermittent criticality electromagnetic emissions Athens earthquake fracture scaling laws fault nucleation 


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Copyright information

© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panayiotis Kapiris
    • 1
    Email author
  • Konstantinos Nomicos
    • 2
  • George Antonopoulos
    • 1
  • John Polygiannakis
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Karamanos
    • 3
  • John Kopanas
    • 1
  • Athanassios Zissos
    • 4
  • Athanassios Peratzakis
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Eftaxias
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of AthensGreece
  2. 2.Technological Educational Institute of AthensGreece
  3. 3.Centre for Nonlinear Phenomena and Complex SystemsUniversité Libre de BruxellesBelgium
  4. 4.Technological Educational Institute of PiraeusGreece

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