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Table 2 Causes of Hypokalemia

From: Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis: a case report and review of the literature

Potassium Depletion – Renal
Increased aldosterone
Diuretics
Hypomagnesemia
Renal Tubular Acidosis (Type I and II)
Metabolic alkalosis
Liddle's syndrome
Potassium Depletion – Extra-renal
Decreased intake
Vomiting/Diarrhea
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
Fistulas
Potassium Shift into Cells
Increased insulin
Alkalosis
Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis
Familial Hypokalemic Paralysis