Pruss-Ustun A, Rapiti E, Hutin Y: Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workers. Am J Ind Med. 2005, 48 (6): 482-490. 10.1002/ajim.20230.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: NIOSH Alert: preventing needlestick injuries in health care settings [DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000–108]. 1999, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, OH
Ilyas M: Hospital and Biomedical Waste Management. Community Medicine & Public Health. 5th ed. 2000, Time Publishers, Karachi, 621-623.
Park K: Hospital Waste Management. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 18th ed. 2007, Banarsidas Bhanot, India, 596-
Yacoub R, Al Ali R, Moukeh G, Lahdo A, Mouhammad Y, Nasser M: Hepatitis B vaccination status and needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in Syria. J Glob Infect Dis. 2010, 2 (1): 28-34. 10.4103/0974-777X.59247.
Sharps injury information. [http://www.isips.org/sharps.shtml]
World Health Organization: The world health report: 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. 2002, World Health Organization, Geneva
Kakizaki M, Ikeda N, Ali M, Enkhtuya B, Tsolmon M, Shibuya K, Kuroiwa C: Needlestick and sharps injuries among health care workers at public tertiary hospitals in an urban community in Mongolia. BMC Res Notes. 2011, 14 (4): 184.9-
Norsayani MY, Noor HI: Study on incidence of needle stick injury and factors associated with this problem among medical students. J Occup Health. 2003, 45 (3): 172-178. 10.1539/joh.45.172.
Jovic-Vranes A, Jankovic S, Vranes B: Safety practice and professional exposure to blood and blood-containing materials in serbian health care workers. J Occup Health. 2006, 48 (5): 377-382. 10.1539/joh.48.377.
Trim JC, Elliott TS: A review of sharps injuries and preventative strategies. J. Hosp. Infect. 2003, 53 (4): 237-242. 10.1053/jhin.2002.1378.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sharps injury prevention workbook: workbook for designing, implementing, and evaluating a sharps injury prevention program. 2008, [http://www.cdc.gov/sharpssafety] website
CfDCa P: Overview: Risks and Prevention of Sharps Injuries in Healthcare Personnel. 2004, CDC, Atlanta, Ga, USA
Azadi A, Anoosheh M, Delpisheh A: Frequency and barriers of underreported needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses, a questionnaire survey. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2011, 20: 488-493. 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03252.x.
Pellissier G, Miguéres B, Tarantola A: Risk of needlestick injuries by injection pens. J Hosp Infect. 2006, 63: 60-64. 10.1016/j.jhin.2005.12.006.
Saberi Firoozi M, Serati AR, Gholamzadeh S: The long-term immunity among health care workers vaccinated against hepatitis B virus in a large referral hospital in southern Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2006, 9 (3): 204-207.
Sadoh WE, Fawole AO, Sadoh AE, Oladimeji AO, Sotiloye OS: Practice of universal precautions among health care workers. J Natl Med Assoc. 2006, 98 (5): 722-726.
Smith DR, Wei N, Zhang YJ, Wang RS: Needlestick and sharps injuries among a cross-section of physicians in Mainland China. Am J Ind Med. 2006, 49: 169-174. 10.1002/ajim.20261.
Wicker S, Jung J, Allwinn R, Gottschalk R, Rabenau HF: Prevalence and prevention of needlestick injuries among health care workers in a German university hospital. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2008, 81 (3): 347-354.
Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Nakashima Y, Ishitake T: Epidemiology of needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses in a Japanese teaching hospital. J Hosp Infect. 2006, 64: 44-49. 10.1016/j.jhin.2006.03.021.
Adams S, Stojkovic G, Leveson SH: Needlestick injuries during surgical procedures: a multidisciplinary online study. Occup Med. 2010, 60 (2): 139-144. 10.1093/occmed/kqp175.
Prevention CfDCa: Overview: Risks and Prevention of Sharps Injuries in Healthcare Personnel. 2004, , CDC, Atlanta, Ga, USA
Wijk van PTL, Pelk-Jongen M, de Boer E, Voss A, Wijkmans C, Schneeberger PM: Differences between hospital- and community- acquired blood exposure incidents revealed by a regional expert counseling center. Infection. 2006, 34 (1): 17-21. 10.1007/s15010-006-4125-9.
Tuma S, Sepkowitz KA: Efficacy of safety-engineered device implementation in the prevention of percutaneous injuries: a review of published studies. Clin Infect Dis. 2006, 42 (8): 1159-1170. 10.1086/501456.
Suzuki R, Kimura S, Shintani Y: The efficacy of safety winged steel needles on needlestick injuries. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 2006, 80 (1): 39-45.
Visser L: Toronto hospital reduces sharps injuries by 80 %, eliminates blood collected injuries. A case study: Toronto east general hospital pioneers healthcare worker safety. Healthc Q. 2006, 9 (1): 68-70.
Clarke SP, Sloane DM, Aiken LH: Effects of hospital staving and organizational climate on needlestick injuries to nurses. Am J Public Health. 2002, 92 (7): 1115-1119. 10.2105/AJPH.92.7.1115.
Adams D, Eliott TSJ: Impact of safety needle devices on occupationally acquired needlestick injuries: a four-year prospective study. J Hosp Infect. 2006, 64: 50-55. 10.1016/j.jhin.2006.04.012.
Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi , Shouyama Y, Mouri F, Ishibashi N, Ishitake T: Organizational climate and its relationship with needlestick and sharps injuries among Japanese nurses. Am J Infect Control. 2009, 37 (7): 545-550. 10.1016/j.ajic.2008.11.004.
Makary MA, Al-Attar A, Holzmueller CG, Sexton JB, Syin D, Gilson MM, Sulkowski MS, Pronovost PJ: Needlestick injuries among surgeons in training. N Engl J Med. 2007, 356 (26): 2693-2699. 10.1056/NEJMoa070378.
Kohn WG, Collins AS, Cleveland JL, Harte JA, Eklund KJ, Malvitz DM: Guidelines for infection control in dental health-care settings-2003. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2003, 52: 1-61.
Hutin YJ, Hauri AM, Armstrong GL: Use of injections in healthcare settings worldwide, 2000: Literature review and regional estimates. BMJ. 2003, 327: 1075-10.1136/bmj.327.7423.1075.
Askarian M, Ghavanini AA: Survey on adoption of measures to prevent nosocomial infection by anaesthesia personnel. East Mediterr Health J. 2002, 8: 416-421.
Bilski B: Needlestick injuries in nurses- the Poznan study. Int J Occup Med Environ Heaith. 2005, 18: 251-254.
Gershon RRM, Pearson JM, Sherman MF, Samar SM, Canton AN, Stone PW: The prevalence and risk factors for percutaneous injuries in registered nurses in the home health care sector. Am J Infect Control. 2009, 37 (7): 525-533. 10.1016/j.ajic.2008.10.022.
Pruss-Ustun A, Rapiti E, Hutin Y: Sharps injuries: Global burden of disease from sharps injuries to health-care workers (WHO Environmental burden of disease series, No.3). 2003, World Health Organization, Geneva
Motamed N, Farhang B, Mahmoodi F, Khalilian A, Heirati M, Nozari M: Knowledge and practices of health care workers and medical students towards universal precautions in hospital in Mazandaran Province. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2006, 12: 653-661.