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BMC Proceedings

, 6:P49 | Cite as

Dirichlet process model for joint haplotype inference and GWAS

  • Avinash Das Sahu
  • Sridhar Hannenhalli
Open Access
Poster presentation
  • 647 Downloads

Keywords

Linkage Disequilibrium Human Population Bayesian Model Genomic Variance Disease Phenotype 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Identification of causal genomic mutations that underlie disease phenotypes remains a key problem in the field of medical informatics. With the advent of new sequencing technologies and decreasing cost of human genotyping, it is now possible to study genotype-phenotype interactions, such as genome-wide association studies (GWAS), at the population level. However, due to large genomic variance and linkage disequilibrium, genetic diversity of a complete human population cannot be captured by a limited number of clusters. Furthermore, application of current haplotype inferencing (phasing) methods to rare genomic variance, such as disease-related alleles, is not reliable. Hence, a satisfactory method for deleterious mutation identification remains largely elusive. Here we present a non-parametric Bayesian model that jointly infers haplotypes and identifies deleterious mutations, taking into consideration genomic variance in the human population. The model is based on the Dirichlet process, which can capture genomic variance by modeling it with non-bounded numbers of clusters.

Copyright information

© Sahu and Hannenhalli; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avinash Das Sahu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sridhar Hannenhalli
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer StudiesMDUSA

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