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Table 5 Comparison of ADS and SCI scores according to cohabiting family

From: Effects of gender, age, family support, and treatment on perceived stress and coping of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

   Male Female
   With spouse (n = 69) Without spouse (n = 4) With spouse (n = 44) Without spouse (n = 23)
ADS      
  Sense of self-control1) 6.13 ± 0.98 7.00 ± 1.41 5.75 ± 1.01 6.22 ± 1.28
  Psychological impact of diabetes2) 9.22 ± 2.85 8.50 ± 1.73 10.89 ± 2.91** 12.83 ± 2.52
  Efforts for symptom management3) 2.32 ± 0.83 2.25 ± 0.96 2.30 ± 0.67 2.39 ± 0.89
SCI      
  Pla (Problem solving) 6.67 ± 3.62* 11.25 ± 3.77 6.64 ± 4.08 7.09 ± 3.90
  Con (Confrontational) 5.03 ± 3.26 7.50 ± 4.65 4.66 ± 3.12 4.78 ± 3.27
  See (Seeking social support) 3.94 ± 3.41* 7.75 ± 2.22 4.41 ± 3.26 5.70 ± 3.20
  Acc (Accepting responsibility) 6.59 ± 4.02* 11.25 ± 3.59 7.55 ± 3.76 6.22 ± 3.63
  Sel (Self-controlling) 5.83 ± 3.38* 10.25 ± 3.77 7.77 ± 3.56 7.30 ± 4.12
  Esc (Escape-avoidance) 3.83 ± 2.51* 6.75 ± 3.30 5.66 ± 3.08 5.44 ± 3.33
  Dis (Distancing) 5.32 ± 3.38 8.25 ± 4.50 7.64 ± 4.24 7.17 ± 4.00
  Pos (Positive reappraisal) 6.39 ± 4.24* 11.25 ± 3.59 8.00 ± 3.84 8.00 ± 4.42
  Co (Cognitive) 23.17 ± 12.09** 40.00 ± 10.95 24.82 ± 12.11 25.83 ± 12.36
  Em (Emotional) 20.42 ± 10.90* 34.25 ± 15.82 27.55 ± 12.50 25.87 ± 13.54
  1. 1), 3): Higher scores are better; 2): Lower scores are better.
  2. Data are expressed as mean ± SD.
  3. Statistical analysis was performed by unpaired t-test.
  4. With spouse vs. Without spouse *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01.