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Table 2 Comparison of ADS and SCI scores according to gender

From: Effects of gender, age, family support, and treatment on perceived stress and coping of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

   Male (n = 73) Female (n = 67)
ADS    
  Sense of self-control1) 6.18 ± 1.02 5.91 ± 1.12
  Psychological impact of diabetes2) 9.18 ± 2.80*** 11.55 ± 2.91
  Efforts for symptom management3) 2.32 ± 0.83 2.33 ± 0.75
SCI    
  Pla (Problem solving) 6.92 ± 3.75 6.79 ± 3.99
  Con (Confrontational) 5.16 ± 3.35 4.70 ± 3.15
  See (Seeking social support) 4.15 ± 3.46 4.85 ± 3.27
  Acc (Accepting responsibility) 6.85 ± 4.12 7.09 ± 3.74
  Sel (Self-controlling) 6.07 ± 3.52* 7.61 ± 3.73
  Esc (Escape-avoidance) 3.99 ± 2.62** 5.58 ± 3.14
  Dis (Distancing) 5.48 ± 3.48** 7.48 ± 4.14
  Pos (Positive reappraisal) 6.66 ± 4.33 8.00 ± 4.02
  Co (Cognitive) 24.10 ± 12.56 25.16 ± 12.11
  Em (Emotional) 21.18 ± 11.52** 26.97 ± 12.79
  1. 1), 3): Higher scores are better; 2): Lower scores are better.
  2. Data are expressed as mean ± SD.
  3. Statistical analysis was performed by unpaired t-test.
  4. Male vs. Female, *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01, ***: P < 0.001.