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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants

From: Effects of self-care, self-efficacy, social support on glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes

Characteristic N(%) Self-efficacy Social support PPC SDSCA HbA1c
   M ± SD P value M ± SD P value M ± SD P value M ± SD P value M ± SD P value
Gender            
Male 85(38.3) 6.9 ± 1.5 .631 4.3 ± 0.7 .066 4.5 ± 1.0 .051 3.5 ± 1.3 .405 6.6 ± 1.2 .979
Female 137(61.7) 7.0 ± 1.5   4.1 ± 0.7   4.3 ± 0.9   3.4 ± 1.2   6.6 ± 1.3  
Marital status            
Married 205(92.3) 6.9 ± 1.5 .954 4.2 ± 0.7 .453 4.4 ± 1.0 .614 3.4 ± 1.3 .875 6.6 ± 1.2 .453
Mateless 17(7.7) 7.0 ± 1.6   4.1 ± 0.7   4.5 ± 0.7   3.4 ± 1.3   6.8 ± 1.2  
Age            
Younger than 60 48(21.6) 6.7 ± 1.5 .509 4.1 ± 0.5 .466 4.4 ± 1.1 .897 3.4 ± 1.1 .610 6.5 ± 1.3 .925
60~ 119(53.6) 7.0 ± 1.5   4.2 ± 0.7   4.4 ± 0.9   3.4 ± 1.2   6.6 ± 1.4  
Older than70 55(24.8) 7.0 ± 1.4   4.3 ± 0.8   4.3 ± 1.0   3.6 ± 1.5   6.6 ± 0.9  
Education            
Illiteracy or elementary school 21(9.5) 7.3 ± 1.6 .434 4.2 ± 0.6 .217 4.4 ± 0.6 .068 3.4 ± 1.3 .243 6.7 ± 0.9 .308
Junior high school 85(38.3) 6.8 ± 1.4   4.1 ± 0.6   4.6 ± 0.8   3.2 ± 1.2   6.4 ± 1.1  
Senior high school 64(28.8) 6.8 ± 1.6   4.1 ± 0.8   4.2 ± 1.1   3.6 ± 1.3   6.7 ± 1.4  
Technical school or college 52(23.4) 7.1 ± 1.5   4.4 ± 0.9   4.5 ± 1.0   3.5 ± 1.3   6.7 ± 1.5  
Family per capita month income           
Less than 2000 RMB 102(45.9) 6.9 ± 1.6 .464 4.2 ± 0.7 .652 4.5 ± 0.8 .314 3.5 ± 1.3 0.435 6.7 ± 1.3 .066
2000 or more RMB 120(54.1) 7.0 ± 1.3   4.2 ± 0.7   4.3 ± 1.1   3.4 ± 1.2   6.4 ± 1.1