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Methods for Assessing the Credibility of Clinical Trial Outcomes

  • Robert A. J. MatthewsEmail author
Article

Abstract

Credibility—the believability of new findings in the light of current knowledge—is a key issue in the assessment of clinical trial outcomes. Yet, despite the growth of evidence-based medicine, credibility is usually dealt with in a broad-brush and qualitative fashion. This paper describes how Bayesian methods lead to quantitative credibility assessments that take explicit account of prior insights and experience. A simple technique based on the concept of the critical prior interval (CPI) is presented, which allows rapid credibility assessment of trial outcomes reported in the standard format of odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. The critical prior interval is easily determined via a graph, and provides clinicians with an explicit and objective baseline on which to base their assessment of credibility. The use of the critical prior interval is demonstrated through several working examples.

Key Words

Credibility Critical prior interval Bayesian methods 

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Copyright information

© Drug Information Association, Inc 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information EngineeringAston UniversityBirminghamEngland

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