Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 287–290

Experiential Anamnesis and Group Consensus: An Innovative Method to Teach Residents to Teach

Brief Report

Abstract

Objective

Using a novel method, residents generated examples and principles of good medical teaching from their experiences of being taught as medical students. This article describes and evaluates this method of teaching preparation, gives the main teaching principles the residents derived, and provides representative examples of their experiences which illustrate each principle.

Methods

In this 2-hour session, postgraduate year two (PGY-2) psychiatric residents shared their most notable experiences of being taught as medical students with their cohort and a faculty facilitator and, from these experiences, articulated principles of medical teaching for their immediate use as psychiatric clerkship teachers. The residents responded to a survey questionnaire to gauge the value of the method.

Results

In 2009, 11 PGY-2 residents recollected 18 experiences of peak or poor teaching and derived five major principles of teaching from them in an affectively intense and cognitively engaging group exercise. The survey results indicated that the session caused residents to feel better prepared for medical student teaching.

Conclusion

This method of peer group processing mobilized residents’ memories of being taught and organized them into practical principles of good teaching.

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References

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    Fonagy P, Steele M, Moran G, et al: Measuring the ghost in the nursery: an empirical study of the relation between parents’ mental representations of childhood experiences and their infants’ security of attachment. J Am Psychoanal Assoc 1993; 41:957–989CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Dewey CM, Coverdale JH, Ismail NJ, et al: Residents-as-teachers programs in psychiatry: a systematic review. Can J Psychiatry 2008; 53:77–84PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Hill AG, Yu TC, Barrow M, et al: A systematic review of resident-as-teacher programmes. Med Educ 2009; 43:1129–1140CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryWeill Medical College of Cornell University and New York Presbyterian HospitalNew York
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew York

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