Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 269–273 | Cite as

Mistreatment of Trainees: Verbal Abuse and Other Bullying Behaviors

  • John H. Coverdale
  • Richard Balon
  • Laura Weiss Roberts


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ahmer S, Yousafzai A, Siddiqi M, et al: Bullying of trainee psychiatrists in Pakistan: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Acad Psychiatry 2009; 33: 335–339PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Quine L: Workplace bullying in NHS community trust: staff questionnaire survey. BMJ 1999; 318: 228–232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Quine L: Workplace bullying in junior doctors: questionnaire survey. BMJ 2002; 324: 878–879PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Association of American Medical Colleges: Graduation Questionnaire: Program Evaluation Survey: All Schools Summary Report, 2008. Available at
  5. 5.
    Tibbo P, de Gara CJ, Blake TM, et al: Perceptions of intimidation in the psychiatric education environment in Edmonton, Alberta. Can J Psychiatry 2002; 47: 562–567PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Reddy S, Kaplan C: Abuse in the workplace: experience of specialist registrars. Psychiatr Bull 2006; 30: 379–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kozlowska K, Nunn K, Cousens P: Adverse experiences in psychiatric training, part 2. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 1997; 31: 641–652PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hoosen IA, Callaghan R: A survey of workplace bullying of psychiatric trainees in the West Midlands. Psychiatric Bulletin 2004; 28: 225–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Carr ML, Robinson GE, Stewart DE, et al: A survey of Canadian psychiatric residents regarding resident-educator sexual contact. Am J Psychiatry 1991; 148: 216–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shem S: The House of God. New York, Richard Marek Publishers, 1978Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bosk CL: Forgive and Remember: Managing Medical Failure. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1979Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carr VJ: Comment. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 1997; 31: 653–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gartrell N, Herman J, Olarte S, et al: Psychiatric residents’ sexual contact with educators and patients: results of a national survey. Am J Psychiatry 1988; 145: 690–694PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baldwin DC Jr, Daugherty SR, Eckenfels EJ: Student perceptions of mistreatment and harassment during medical school: a survey of ten U.S. schools. Western J Med 1991; 155: 140–145Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moscarello R, Margittai KJ, Rossi M: Differences in abuse reported by female and male Canadian medical students. Can Med Assoc J: 1994; 150: 357–363Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Uhari M, Kokkonen J, Nuutinen M, et al: Medical student abuse: an international phenomenon. JAMA 1994; 271: 1049–1051PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Margittai KJ, Moscarello R, Rossi MF: Forensic aspects of medical student abuse: a Canadian perspective. Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law 1996; 24: 377–385PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    White GE: Sexual harassment during medical training: the perceptions of medical students at a university medical school in Australia. Med Educ 2000; 34: 980–986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Larsson C, Hensing G, Allebeck P: Sexual and gender-related harassment in medical education and research training: results from a Swedish survey. Med Educ 2003; 37: 39–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wilkinson TJ, Gill DJ, Fitzjohn J, et al: The impact on students of adverse experiences during medical school. Med Teach 2006; 28: 129–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mangus RS, Hawkins CE, Miller MJ: Prevalence of harassment and discrimination among 1996 medical school graduates: a survey of eight US schools. JAMA 1998; 280: 851–853PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Nora LM, McLaughlin MA, Fosson SE, et al: Gender discrimination and sexual harassment in medical education: perspective gained by a 14-school study. Acad Med 2002; 77: 1226–1234PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stratton TD, McLaughlin MA, Witte FM, et al: Does students’ exposure to gender discrimination and sexual harassment in medical school affect specialty choice and residency program selection? Acad Med 2005; 80: 400–408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vanineveld CHM, Cook DJ, Kane SLC, et al: Discrimination and abuse in internal medicine residency. J Gen Intern Med 1998; 11: 401–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cohen JS, Leung Y, Fahey M, et al: The happy docs study: a Canadian Association of Interns and Residents well-being survey examining resident physician health and satisfaction within and outside of residency training in Canada. BMC Res Notes 2008; 1: 105PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Daugherty SR, Baldwin DC Jr, Rowley BD: Learning, satisfaction, and mistreatment during medical internship: a national survey of working conditions. JAMA 1998; 279: 1194–1199PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cook DJ, Liutkus JF, Risdon CL, et al: Residents’ experiences of abuse, discrimination, and sexual harassment during residency training. Can Med Assoc J 1996; 154: 1657–1665Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Johnson SL: International perspective on workplace bullying among nurses: a review. Int Nurs Rev 2009; 56: 34–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Roberts SJ, Demarco R, Griffin M: The effect of oppressed group behaviors on the culture of the nursing workplace: a review of the evidence and interventions for change. J Nurs Manag 2009; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00959.xGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    McKenna BG, Smith N, Poole SJ, et al: Horizontal violence: experiences of registered nurses in their first year of practice. J Adv Nurs 2003; 42: 90–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Farrell GA: Aggression in clinical settings: nurses’ views: a follow-up study. J Adv Nurs 1999; 29: 532–541PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Coverdale J, Louie AK, Roberts LW: Protecting the safety of medical students and residents. Acad Psychiatry 2005; 29: 329–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Coverdale J, Gale C, Weeks S, et al: A survey of threats and violent acts by patients against training physicians. Med Educ 2001; 35: 154–159PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Coverdale J, Roberts LW, Louie AK, et al: Enhancing the international status of academic psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry 2007; 31: 177–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Balon R, Roberts LW, Coverdale J, et al: Globalization of medical and psychiatric education and the focus of academic psychiatry on the success of “international” authors. Acad Psychiatry 2008; 32: 151–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Coverdale
    • 1
  • Richard Balon
    • 2
  • Laura Weiss Roberts
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Wayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral MedicineMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

Personalised recommendations