Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 309–325 | Cite as

Psychiatry Residency Training Around the World

  • Sidney Zisook
  • Richard Balon
  • Karin S. Björkstén
  • Ian Everall
  • Laura Dunn
  • Krauz Ganadjian
  • Hua Jin
  • Sagar Parikh
  • Andres Sciolla
  • Tanuj Sidhartha
  • Tai Yoo
Special Article

Abstract

Objective

The authors compare and contrast psychiatry residency training in the United States to that in Canada and selected countries in South America, Europe, and Asia.

Method

Nine individuals who are intimately familiar with psychiatry residency training in the United States (primarily chairs, training directors associate training directors or residents) and who trained in other countries describe their past training programs in terms of clinical experiences, didactic structure, supervision, evaluation, and major differences from U.S. training.

Results

Medical education and psychiatry training vary considerably in different regions in terms of the duration of training, structure of clinical experiences level of responsibility and autonomy of trainee, amount of classroom teaching, national examinations and credentialing. Some are much less structured than training in the United States (e.g., Sweden) while others are somewhat more structured (e.g., Korea), but differences appear to be lessening.

Conclusions

Although similarities outweigh differences between programs in various continents and countries, training programs around the globe have much to learn from each other.

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References

  1. 1.
    Zisook S, Bjorksten KS, Yoo T, et al: Psychiatry Residency Training Around the World. Presented at the AADPRT Annual Meeting. San Diego, Calif. March 9–12, 2006Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology: Core Competencies for Psychiatric Practice: What Clinicians Need to Know. Edited by Scheiber SC, Kramer TM, Adamowski SE. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2003Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yager J, Mellman L, Rubin E, et al: The RRC mandate for residency programs to demonstrate psychodynamic psychotherapy competency among residents: a debate. Acad Psychiatry 2005; 29: 339–349PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Societal Needs Working Group CanMeds 2000. Project: Skills for the new millenium. Annals of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada 1996, 29: 206–216Google Scholar
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    Coelho BM, Zanetti MV, Lotufo Neto F: Brazilian psychiatry medical residency programs: critical analysis. Rev. psiquiatr. Rio Gd. 2005; Sul 27: 13–22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sidney Zisook
    • 1
  • Richard Balon
    • 2
  • Karin S. Björkstén
    • 3
  • Ian Everall
    • 1
  • Laura Dunn
    • 1
  • Krauz Ganadjian
    • 1
  • Hua Jin
    • 1
  • Sagar Parikh
    • 4
  • Andres Sciolla
    • 1
  • Tanuj Sidhartha
    • 5
  • Tai Yoo
    • 6
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryNacka HospitalNackaSweden
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Texas, SouthwesternDallasUSA
  6. 6.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  7. 7.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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