Advertisement

Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 263–267 | Cite as

Which Educational Programs Promote the Success of International Medical Graduates in Psychiatry Training?

  • John H. CoverdaleEmail author
  • Richard Balon
  • Laura Weiss Roberts
Editorial

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Mohl PC: Psychiatry and international medical graduates. Acad Psychiatry 2001; 25:133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rao NR: Psychiatric workforce: past legacies, current dilemmas, and future prospects. Acad Psychiatry 2003; 27:238–240PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boulet JR, Cassimatis EG, Opalek A: The role of international medical graduate psychiatrists in the United States healthcare system. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:293–299PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blanco C, Carvalho C, Olfson M, et al: Practice patterns of international and U.S. medical graduate psychiatrists. Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156:445–450PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cohen JJ: The role and contributions of IMGs: a U.S. perspective. Acad Med 2006; 81(Suppl):S17–S21PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen PG, Curry LA, Bernheim SM, et al: Professional challenges of non-U.S.-born international medical graduates and recommendations for support during residency training. Acad Med 2011; 86:1383–1388PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Desbiens NA, Vidaillet HJ: Discrimination against international medical graduates in the United States residency program selection process. BMC Med Educ 2010; 10:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balon R, Mufti R, Williams M, et al: Possible discrimination in recruitment of psychiatry residents? Am J Psychiatry 1997; 154:1608–1609PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pilotto LS, Duncan GF, Anderson-Wurf J: Issues for clinicians training international medical graduates: a systematic review. Med J Aust 2007; 187:225–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sciolla A, Ziajko LA, Salguero ML: Sexual health competence of international medical graduate psychiatric residents in the United States. Acad Psychiatry 2010; 34:361–368PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sockalingam S, Hawa R, Al-Battran M, et al: Preparing international medical graduates for psychiatry residency: a multi-site needs assessment. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36: 277–281PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hamoda HM, Sacks D, Sciolla A, et al: A roadmap for observership programs in psychiatry for international medical graduates. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:300–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jain G, Mazhar M, Uga A et al. Systems-based aspects in the training of IMG or previously trained residents: comparison of psychiatry residency training in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, India, and Nigeria. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:307–315PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Weerasekera P: Psychotherapy training for IMGs: attending to the “how to” and “what to” teach. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36: 288–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rao NR: Psychodynamic psychotherapy training as acculturative experience for international medical graduates: a commentary. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:271–276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rao N, Kodali R, Mian A, et al: Psychiatric residents’ attitudes toward and experiences with the Clinical Skills Verification process: a pilot study of U.S. and international medical graduates. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:316–322PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Broquet KE, Punwani M: Helping international medical graduates engage in effective feedback. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:282–287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ibeziako PI, Belfer ML, DeMaso DR: Implementing a global child mental health observership program in a children’s hospital: lessons learned. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:330–334PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mullan F, Politzer RM, Davis CH: Medical migration and the physician workforce. International medical graduates and American medicine. JAMA 1995; 273:1521–1527PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mullan F: The metrics of the physician brain drain. N Engl J Med 2005; 353:1810–1818PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gostin LO: The international migration and recruitment of nurses: human rights and global justice. JAMA 2008; 299: 1827–1829PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jenkins R, Kydd R, Mullen P et al. International migration of doctors and its impact on availability of psychiatrists in low- and middle-income countries. PLoS ONE 5 2010; 5: 1–9. doi: 10.1371/journal.pon.0009049.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Imran N, Azeem Z, Haider II, et al: Brain drain: post-graduation migration intentions and the influencing factors among medical graduates from Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Research Notes 2011; 4: 417PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Myers GE: Addressing the effects of culture on the boundary-keeping practices of psychiatry residents educated outside of the United States. Acad Psychiatry 2004; 28:47–55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sierles FS: Using film as the basis of an American culture course for first-year psychiatry residents. Acad Psychiatry 2005; 29:100–104PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Arthur GK, Brooks R, Long ML: A language-cultural course for foreign psychiatric residents. Am J Psychiatry 1979; 136: 1064–1067PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Forrest DV, Ryan JH, Lazar V: American familiar language and the FMG resident. J Psychiatr Ed 1978; 2: 68–81.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    International Medical Graduate Fellowship Program: Course helps IMGs to adapt to psychiatric practice in U.S. Psychiatric News 2009; 44 (4, February 20th): 4–33; available at www.psychnews.psychiatryonline.org; accessed 3/18/2012
  29. 29.
    American Association for Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training: available at www.aadprt.org; accessed 2/19/2012
  30. 30.
    Sullivan EA, Willcock S, Ardzejewska K, et al: A preemployment programme for overseas-trained doctors entering the Australian workforce, 1997–99. Med Educ 2002; 36: 614–621PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Porter JL, Townley T, Huggett K, et al: An acculturization curriculum: orienting international medical graduates to an internal medicine residency program. Teach Learn Med 2008; 20:37–43PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Rosner F, Dantzker DR, Walerstein S, et al: Intensive one-week orientation for foreign medical graduates entering an internal medicine residency program. J Gen Intern Med 1993; 8:264–265PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Horvath K, Coluccio G, Foy H, et al: A program for successful integration of international medical graduates (IMGs) into U.S. surgical residency training. Curr Surg 2004; 61: 492–498PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    The College of Physicians and Surgeons at Ontario: Communication and Cultural Competence Program; available at www.img-ccc.ca; accessed 3/18/12
  35. 35.
    Lax LR, Russell ML, Nelles LJ, et al: Scaffolding knowledge-building in a Web-based communication and cultural competence program for international medical graduates. Acad Med 2009; 84 (Suppl):S5–S8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates; available at www.ecfmg.org; accessed 2/19/2012
  37. 37.
    American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education: The Program for Minority Research Training in Psychiatry; available at www.minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/content.aspx?id=1504; accessed 3/18/2012
  38. 38.
    Yager J, Waitzkin H, Parker T, et al: Educating, training, and mentoring minority faculty and other trainees in mental health services research. Acad Psychiatry 2007; 31:146–151PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    American Psychiatric Association Minority Fellowships Program: American Psychiatric Association; available at www.psych.org/resources/OMNA/MFP.aspx; accessed 3/18/2012
  40. 40.
    Lim RF, Luo JS, Suo S, et al: Diversity initiatives in academic psychiatry: applying cultural competence. Acad Psychiatry 2008; 32:283–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Harris TB, Mian A, Lomax JW, et al: The Texas Regional Psychiatry Minority Mentor Network: a regional effort to increase psychiatry’s workforce diversity. Acad Psychiatry 2012; 36:60–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Waitzkin H, Yager J, Parker T, et al: Mentoring partnerships for minority faculty and graduate students in mental health services research. Acad Psychiatry 2006; 30:205–217PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Horn C, Plazas Snyder B, Coverdale JH, et al: Educational research questions and study design. Acad Psychiatry 2009; 33:261–267PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Coverdale
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Richard Balon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Laura Weiss Roberts
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept of Psychiatry—Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHouston
  2. 2.University Psychiatric CenterDetroit
  3. 3.Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford UniversityStanford

Personalised recommendations