Fast Iterative Subspace Algorithms for Airborne STAP Radar
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Space-time adaptive processing (STAP) is a crucial technique for the new generation airborne radar for Doppler spread compensation caused by the platform motion. We here propose to apply range cell snapshots-based recursive algorithms in order to reduce the computational complexity of the conventional STAP algorithms and to deal with a possible nonhomogeneity of the data samples. Subspace tracking algorithms as PAST, PASTd, OPAST, and more recently the fast approximate power iteration (FAPI) algorithm, which are time-based recursive algorithms initially introduced in spectral analysis, array processing, are good candidates. In this paper, we more precisely investigate the performance of FAPI for interference suppression in STAP radar. Extensive simulations demonstrate the outperformance of FAPI algorithm over other subspace trackers of similar computational complexity. We demonstrate also its effectiveness using measured data from the multichannel radar measurements (MCARM) program.
KeywordsRadar Recursive Algorithm Radar Measurement Range Cell Platform Motion
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