About the development of single microdischarges in dielectric barrier discharges in CO2 and CO2/N2 gas mixtures
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The conversion of carbon dioxide as one of the main greenhouse gases into carbon monoxide as a chemical feedstock is considered as so-called carbon capture usage technology. Recently it was shown, that the dissociation of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide in Dielectric Barrier Discharges can be enhanced by the addition of nitrogen gas. Here, the development of microdischarges in CO2 and CO2/N2 gas mixtures is studied. Therefore, a single filament DBD arrangement operated under sinusoidal high-voltage is investigated by means of spectroscopic and electrical diagnostics with high spatial and temporal resolution and sensitivity. The filament development is similar as in air or other nitrogen-oxygen gas mixtures, but the gas composition influences the duration and other parameters. The higher the CO2 content the weaker the filaments and the faster the quenching of excited molecular states. The optimum power dissipation into single discharge is obtained for a CO2 content between 20 and 30 vol.%.
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