Advertisement

The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 226, Issue 5, pp 931–941 | Cite as

Remineralization of permeate water by calcite bed in the Daoura’s plant (south of Morocco)

  • M. G. Biyoune
  • A. Atbir
  • H. Bari
  • L. Hassnaoui
  • E. Mongach
  • A. Khadir
  • L. Boukbir
  • R. Bellajrou
  • M. Elhadek
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Phase Equilibria and Their Applications

Abstract

To face water shortage and to fight drought, the National office of Water and Electricity (ONEE) carried out a program aiming at constructing several desalination stations of seawater in the South of Morocco. However, the final product water after desalination (osmosis water) has turned out to be unbalanced and has an aggressive character. Therefore, a post-treatment of remineralization is necessary to recover the calco-carbonic equilibrium of water and to protect the distribution network from corrosion degradation. Thereby, our work aims to examine the performance of the remineralization used in Daoura plant by the calcite bed in the absence of carbon dioxide CO2 (without acidification), we have followed many parameters indicating the performance of this technique adopted such as pH, TAC (hydroxide, carbonate and bicarbonate content), Ca content, Langelier saturation index (LSI), Larson index (LR). The results obtained show that this technique adopted in Daoura plant brings to water back its entire calco-carbonic balance to measure up to the Moroccan standards of drinking water. Generally, the exploitation of the calcite bed technique for remineralization is simple, easy and it does not require any major efforts or precautions.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Y. When, S. Justin, T. Bradley, S. Erin, M. Carello, Texas Water Development Board, Capitol Station Austin, Texas, Report 78711-3231, 2012Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Hamer, Industrial Water Treatment Practice (Butterworths, London, 1961)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Withers, Desalination 179, 11 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Yamauchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hattori, M. Kondo, N. Ukawa, Desalination 66, 365 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.C.J. Gude, F. Schoonenberg, W.J.C. Van De Ven, P.J. De Moel, J.Q.J.C. Verberk, J.C. Van Dijk, J. Water Supply: Res. Technol. – Aqua 60, 469 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Hasson, O. Bendrihem, Desalination 190, 189 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Ruggieri, J.L. Fernandez-Turiel, D. Gimeno, F. Valero, J.C. Garcia, M.E. Medina, Desalination 227, 314 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Delion, G. Mauguin, P. Corsin, Desalination 165, 323 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    O. Lahav, L. Birnhack, Desalination 207, 286 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W.F. Langelier, J. Am. Water Works Ass. 28, 1500 (1936)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D.W. DeBerry, in Final Report: Corrosion in Potable Water Systems (US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, 1982), p. 23Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tapasco Chemicals Ltd, Water Treatement Services, Nicosia, Cyprus, Report, 1998Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Offre technique entre Elmasa et Sotradema, Alimentation en eau potable du centre de Daoura, station de démineralisation, 2008Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R.B. Robinson, A.J. Carmical, Comp. Appl. Eng. Edu. 13, 4 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. Yi Shih, J. Sutherland, B. Sessions, E. Mackey, W. Shane Walker, Texas water developpement board, Report, 2012Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Hernández, El Manantial, Canary Islands Water Center, Report (2004), p. 4Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Hernandez-Suarez, Canary Island Water Center, Report (short guidelines), 2005Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.-J. Carmical, B. Robinson, R.D. Letterman, G.S. Mackintosh, J. Appl. Eng. Educ. 13, 240 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Hernández, The Canary Islands Water Center Foundation, Report, 2009Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.G. Biyoune, A. Atbir, H. Bari, E. Mongach, A. Khadir, L. Hassnaoui, L. Boukbir, M. Elhadek, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 5, 2359 (2014)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.G. Biyoune, A. Atbir, E. Mongach, H. Bari, A. Khadir, L. Hassnaoui, L. Boukbir, M. Elhadek, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 6, 1243 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Biyoune
    • 1
  • A. Atbir
    • 1
  • H. Bari
    • 2
  • L. Hassnaoui
    • 3
  • E. Mongach
    • 2
  • A. Khadir
    • 3
  • L. Boukbir
    • 1
  • R. Bellajrou
    • 1
  • M. Elhadek
    • 1
  1. 1.Ibn Zohr university, Faculty of SciencesQuoted Dakhla, AgadirMorocco
  2. 2.National office of electricity and water, Direction of coordination of the Saharan provincesLaâyouneMorocco
  3. 3.National office of electricity and water, Direction of quality control of watersRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations