Interaction Enhanced Imaging of Rydberg P states

Preparation and detection of Rydberg atoms for engineering long-range interactions

Abstract

The Interaction Enhanced Imaging technique allows to detect the spatial distribution of strongly interacting impurities embedded within a gas of background atoms used as a contrast medium [1]. Here we present a detailed study of this technique, applied to detect Rydberg P states. We experimentally realize fast and efficient three-photon excitation of P states, optimized according to the results of a theoretical effective two-level model. Few Rydberg P-state atoms, prepared in a small cloud with dimensions comparable to the blockade radius, are detected with a good sensitivity by averaging over 50 shots. The main aspects of the technique are described with a hard-sphere model, finding good agreement with experimental data. This work paves the way to a non-destructive optical detection of single Rydberg atoms with high spatial and temporal resolution.

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Gavryusev, V., Ferreira-Cao, M., Kekić, A. et al. Interaction Enhanced Imaging of Rydberg P states. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 225, 2863–2889 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2015-50339-8

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