Nonlinear analysis of an electrodynamic broadband energy harvester
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In order to maximize energy from ambient vibration sources, wide band harvesters working at a range of frequencies are important. This paper presents an electrodynamic energy harvester model working for a frequency band from 25 Hz to 45 Hz. The developed converter consists of a magnetic spring formed by one moving magnet placed between two fixed magnets. A ring magnet is placed around the moving magnet leading to additional nonlinear stiffness to increase the power output. A comparison to a basic configuration electrodynamic converter was carried out by finite element analysis to show that a significant increase in power output was realized. Simulation results have been confirmed by experimental investigations under harmonic excitations. Based on the experimental time series, we have examined the frequency spectrum and phase portraits to identify the dynamic response of the system. In conclusion, the generator is able to harvest 1.5 times more energy than the simple generator for the bandwidth of 20 Hz with the resonant frequency of 35 Hz and the excitation amplitude of 2 mm.
KeywordsResonant Frequency Phase Portrait European Physical Journal Special Topic Excitation Frequency Load Resistance
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