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Novel concept for the preparation of gas selective nanocomposite membranes

Abstract

In this work we report on a novel concept for the preparation of gas selective composite membranes by a simple and robust synthesis protocol involving a controlled in-situpolycondensation of functional alkoxysilanes within the pores of a mesoporous ceramic matrix. This innovative approach targets the manufacture of thin nanocomposite membranes, allowing good compromise between permeability, selectivity and thermomechanical strength. Compared to simple infiltration, the synthesis protocol allows a controlled formation of gas separation membranes from size-adjusted functional alkoxysilanes by a chemical reaction within the mesopores of a ceramic support, without any formation of a thick and continuous layer on the support top-surface. Membrane permeability can thus be effectively controlled by the thickness and pore size of the mesoporous layer, and by the oligomers chain length. The as-prepared composite membranes are expected to possess a good mechanical and thermomechanical resistance and exhibit a thermally activated transport of He and H2 up to 150 °C, resulting in enhanced separation factors for specific gas mixtures e.g. FH2/CO ∼ 10; FH2/CO2 ∼ 3; FH2/CH4 ∼ 62.

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Drobek, M., Ayral, A., Motuzas, J. et al. Novel concept for the preparation of gas selective nanocomposite membranes. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 224, 1921–1933 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2015-02510-0

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Keywords

  • Oligomer
  • European Physical Journal Special Topic
  • Composite Membrane
  • Ceramic Membrane
  • Nanocomposite Membrane