The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 223, Issue 10, pp 2009–2021 | Cite as

A high efficiency label-free photonic biosensor based on vertically stacked ring resonators

  • C. E. Campanella
  • C. M. Campanella
  • F. De Leonardis
  • V. M. N. Passaro
Regular Article Resonant Geometries/Structures
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Taking Detection to the Limit: Biosensing with Optical Microcavities

Abstract

In this paper we propose an optical biosensor based on two vertically stacked Silicon on Insulator (SOI) micro-ring resonators interacting with a microfluidic ring channel. This device behaves as a resonant optical coupler and it is very sensitive to the variation of the coupling coefficient between the two vertically stacked ring resonators. A ring microfluidic channel is proposed in the coupling region between the two vertically stacked ring resonators. The inner walls of the channel are funzionalized in order to the trap a specific biological species. Assuming a biotin-streptavidin system, the straptividin trapping gives rise to a change of the biological thickness of about 3 nm. This thickness increase of the deposited layer leads to a consequent change in the coupling strength between the two rings. These theoretical predictions have been validated by using both 3D Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) and 3D full-vectorial Finite Element Method (FEM) approaches. Moreover, by appropriately choosing the design parameters of the micro-resonant structure, we evaluate a sensitivity of the spectral response to the streptavidin adlayer variation of about 20% nm−1 for TE polarization and 34% nm−1 for TM polarization, which represents an important achievement to obtain selective SOI bio-sensors with ultra-high resolution.

Keywords

European Physical Journal Special Topic Spectral Response Ring Resonator Optical Biosensor Ring Radius 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. E. Campanella
    • 1
  • C. M. Campanella
    • 2
  • F. De Leonardis
    • 1
  • V. M. N. Passaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Photonics Research GroupPolitecnico di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Integrated Photonics LaboratoryBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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