Cation exchange dynamics confined in a synthetic clay mineral

Abstract

In this work we report X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) measurements to investigate the confined cation exchange process in saline aqueous suspensions of a synthetic clay mineral from Lithium-Fluorohectorite to Nickel-Fluorohectorite, as well as the reverse process from Nickel-Fluorohectorite to Lithium-Fluorohectorite and also from Lithium-Fluorohectorite to Sodium-Fluorohectorite. The dynamics of these cation exchanges was followed and it was observed that these processes can be faster than 1 minute. The results are compared to the observations on samples prepared by cation exchange procedures for which the exchange process was performed on the time-scale of months.

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Correspondence to G. Grassi or J. O. Fossum.

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Grassi, G., Michels, L., Rozynek, Z. et al. Cation exchange dynamics confined in a synthetic clay mineral. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 223, 1883–1893 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2014-02233-8

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Keywords

  • Clay Mineral
  • Cation Exchange
  • European Physical Journal Special Topic
  • Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy
  • Small Angle XRay Scattering