Dynamic isolation systems using tunable nonlinear stiffness beams

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Abstract

Vibration isolation devices are required to reduce the forcing into the supporting structure or to protect sensitive equipment from base excitation. A suspension system with a low natural frequency is required to improve isolation, but with linear supports the minimum stiffness is bounded by the static stiffness required to support the equipment. However, nonlinear high-static-low-dynamic-stiffness (HSLDS) mounts may be designed, for example by combining elastic springs in particular geometries, to give the required nonlinear force-displacement characteristics. Current approaches to realise the required nonlinear characteristics are often inconvenient. Furthermore, the weight of the supported equipment, the environment, or the structural stiffness may change. This paper investigates the design of HSLDS isolation mounts using beams of tunable geometric nonlinear stiffness. In order to obtain the nonlinear response required, we first study the case of generic beams subject to static loads that are able to tune their nonlinear force-displacement characteristics to ensure that the isolators have very low dynamic stiffness. Tuning is achieved by actuators at the ends of the beams that prescribe the axial displacement and rotation. Secondly, we study a composite beam with an initial thermal pre-stress, resulting in internal stresses that give the required nonlinear response.

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Correspondence to M.I. Friswell.

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Friswell, M., Saavedra Flores, E. Dynamic isolation systems using tunable nonlinear stiffness beams. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 222, 1563–1573 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2013-01945-5

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Keywords

  • Residual Stress
  • European Physical Journal Special Topic
  • Energy Harvest
  • Composite Beam
  • Vibration Isolation