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Inverse magnetic catalysis: how much do we know about?

Abstract

Some of the advances made in the literature to understand the phase transitions of quark matter in the presence of strong magnetic field and finite temperature (zero quark chemical potential) are reviewed. We start by discussing the physics behind the Magnetic catalysis (MC) at zero/finite temperature and then focus on the lattice predictions for inverse magnetic catalysis (IMC) at high temperature and strong magnetic fields. Possible explanations for the IMC are covered, as well. Finally, we discuss recent efforts to modify QCD (quantum chromodynamics) effective models to reproduce the IMC observed on the lattice simulations. We emphasize the fact that applying thermomagnetic effects on the coupling constant of the NJL model significantly improve the effectiveness of the NJL model to obtain a reasonable physical description of hot and magnetized quark matter being in agreement with lattice results.

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Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) under Grant No. 304758/2017-5 (R.L.S.F.), and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul-FAPERGS, Grants No.19/2551-0001948-3 (R.L.S.F.) and No. 19/2551-0000690-0 (R.L.S.F.). R.L.S. Farias is also grateful to Sidney A. Avancini, Marcus B. Pinto, Varese S. Timóteo, Gastão Krein, William R. Tavares, Norberto Scoccola, Dyana C. Duarte, and Rudnei O. Ramos for fruitful collaboration and numerous discussions over the years. R.L.S.Farias also benefited from discussions and would like to acknowledge Jens Andersen, Alejandro Ayala, and Gergo Endrödi.

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Bandyopadhyay, A., Farias, R.L.S. Inverse magnetic catalysis: how much do we know about?. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 230, 719–728 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjs/s11734-021-00023-1

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