We calculated the frequency-dependent dielectric response (electric susceptibility) of layered ferroelectric–dielectric junction, biased by the time-dependent harmonic voltage with single frequency \(\omega \). Working point is stabilized, by the charge boundary condition between the layers, in the region with negative electric capacitance. The static susceptibility \(\chi _0\) is negative and the relative dielectric constant \(\epsilon _r\) is smaller than 1, clearly indicating the opposite direction of electric field and polarization in the ferroelectric layer due to the negative electric capacitance. At finite frequencies, this sign is preserved in real part of susceptibility which gains the frequency dependence. Also, frequency-dependent imaginary part arises due to the phase shift between electric field and polarization. The type of that frequency dependence in linear regime is the so-called relaxation (Debye) response, i.e., \(\chi '(\omega )=\chi _0/(1+(\tau \omega )^2)\) and \(\chi ''(\omega )=\chi _0\tau \omega /(1+(\tau \omega )^2)\), where \(\tau \) is the polarization switching time characteristic to ferroelectric material. In particular, we modeled the junction of ferroelectric BaTiO\(_3\) and dielectric Al\(_2\)O\(_3\), taking the experimental values of material parameters, and addressed the role of nonlinearity with respect to result of the linear response theory.
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This work was supported by the Croatian Science Foundation, Project IP-2016-06-2289, and by the QuantiXLie Centre of Excellence, a project cofinanced by the Croatian Government and European Union through the European Regional Development Fund—the Competitiveness and Cohesion Operational Programme (Grant KK.01.1.1.01.0004). The authors are grateful to K. Jurišić for the fruitful discussions.
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Piskač, M., Radić, D. Frequency-dependent dielectric response of ferroelectric–dielectric junction with negative electric capacitance. Eur. Phys. J. Plus 135, 569 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-00578-3