Advertisement

Preliminary orbital analysis of the LARES space experiment

  • Ignazio CiufoliniEmail author
  • Antonio Paolozzi
  • Erricos C. Pavlis
  • Rolf Koenig
  • John Ries
  • Vahe Gurzadyan
  • Richard Matzner
  • Roger Penrose
  • Giampiero Sindoni
  • Claudio Paris
Regular Article

Abstract.

The LARES satellite was successfully launched in 2012 for tests of General Relativity and gravitational physics including the accurate measurement of frame-dragging. It is currently very well observed all over the world by the stations of the International Laser Ranging Service. Its preliminary orbital analyses show that LARES behaves as the best artificial massive test particle today available in the solar system, providing an optimal approximation to the time-like geodesic motion of General Relativity. Furthermore, on the basis of a test using almost three years of observations of LARES, we concluded that LARES, together with the LAGEOS and LAGEOS 2 satellites, provides excellent preliminary results for testing General Relativity.

Keywords

Satellite Laser Range Semimajor Axis Zonal Harmonic LAGEOS Satellite Local Inertial Frame 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    I. Ciufolini, A. Paolozzi, E.C. Pavlis, J. Ries, V. Gurzadyan, R. Koenig, R. Matzner, R. Penrose, G. Sindoni, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 127, 133 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Paolozzi, I. Ciufolini, Acta Astron. 91, 313 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.W. Misner, K.S. Thorne, J.A. Wheeler, Gravitation (Freeman, San Francisco, 1973)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Weinberg, Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity (Wiley, New York, 1972)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Ciufolini, J.A. Wheeler, Gravitation and Inertia (Princeton University Press, 1995)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Kopeikin, M. Efroimsky, G. Kaplan, Relativistic celestial mechanics of the solar system (John Wiley & Sons, 2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.M. Barker, R.F. O’Connell, Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 11, 149 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I. Ciufolini, Nature 449, 41 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Einstein, Letter to Ernst Mach. Zurich, 25 June 1913, in C.W. Misner, K.S. Thorne, J.A. Wheeler, Gravitation (Freeman, San Francisco, 1973) p. 544Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    I. Ciufolini, E.C. Pavlis, Nature 431, 958 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Ciufolini, A. Paolozzi, E.C. Pavlis, J. Ries, R. Koenig, R. Matzner, G. Sindoni, H. Neumayer, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 126, 72 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. Ciufolini, General Relativity and Dragging of Inertial Frames, in General Relativity: the most beautiful of theories, applications and trends after 100 years, Centennial Jubilee Volume of General Relativity, edited by C. Rovelli (De Gruyter, 2015) pp. 125--162Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Kopeikin, E. Fomalont, Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 39, 1583 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Kopeikin, E. Fomalont, Found. Phys. 36, 1244 (2006)ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.C. Cohen, P.J. Dunn (Editors), J. Geophys. Res. B 90, 9215 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Lense, H. Thirring, Phys. Z. 19, 156 (1918) (English version in Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 16zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. Ciufolini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 278 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ch. Reigber, F. Flechtner, R. Koenig, U. Meyer, K. Neumayer, R. Schmidt, P. Schwintzer, S. Zhu, GRACE Orbit and Gravity Field Recovery at GFZ Potsdam - First Experiences and Perspectives, Eos. Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract G12B-03 (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B.D. Tapley, The GRACE Mission: Status and Performance Assessment, Eos. Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract G12B-01 (2002)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. Ciufolini, E.C. Pavlis, J. Ries, R. Koenig, G. Sindoni, A. Paolozzi, H. Newmayer, Gravitomagnetism and Its Measurement with Laser Ranging to the LAGEOS Satellites and GRACE Earth Gravity Models, in General Relativity and John Archibald Wheleer, edited by Ignazio Ciufolini, Richard A. Matzner, Vol. 367 (Springer Verlag, 2010) pp. 371--434 DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-3735-0_17
  21. 21.
    W.M. Kaula, Theory of Satellite Geodesy (Blaisdell, Waltham, 1966)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.C. Ries, R.J. Eanes, M.M. Watkins, Confirming the Frame-Dragging Effect with Satellite Laser Ranging, in Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Laser Ranging, 13-17 October 2008, Poznan, PolandGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.C. Ries, Relativity in Satellite Laser Ranging in Proceedings of the IAU Symposium 261, Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy: Dynamics, Reference Frames, and Data Analysis (Virginia Beach, VA, USA, 27 April - 1 May 2009) (American Astronomical Society)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. Koenig, B. Moreno Monge, G. Michalak, Some aspects and perspectives of measuring Lense-Thirring with GNSS and geodetic satellites in Second International LARES Science Workshop, Accademia dei Lincei, Rome, September 2012Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    I. Ciufolini, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 4, 3083 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    B. Tapley, J.C. Ries, R.J. Eanes, M.M. Watkins, NASA-ASI Study on LAGEOS III, CSR-UT publication n. CSR-89-3, Austin, Texas (1989), and I. Ciufolini, ASI-NASA Study on LAGEOS III (CNR, Rome, Italy, 1989) (see also I. Ciufolini, INFN study on LARES/WEBER-SAT (2004))Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.C. Ries, Simulation of an experiment to measure the Lense-Thirring precession using a second LAGEOS satellite, Ph. Dissertation (University of Texas, Austin, 1989)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    I. Ciufolini, E.C. Pavlis, R. Peron, New Astron. 11, 527 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    I. Ciufolini, Nuovo Cimento A 109, 1709 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    G.E. Peterson, Estimation of the Lense-Thirring Precession Using Laser-Ranged Satellites, Ph. Dissertation (University of Texas, Austin, 1997)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    D.M. Lucchesi, Planet. Space Sci. 49, 447 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Ries, I. Ciufolini, E. Pavlis, A. Paolozzi, R. Koenig, R. Matzner, G. Sindoni, H. Neumayer, EPL 96, 30002 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V.G. Gurzadyan, I. Ciufolini, S. Sargsyan, G. Yegorian, S. Mirzoyan, A. Paolozzi, EPL 102, 60002 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    I. Ciufolini, B. Moreno Monge, A. Paolozzi, R. Koenig, G. Sindoni, G. Michalak, Class. Quantum Grav. 30, 235009 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    I. Ciufolini, A. Paolozzi, E. Pavlis, J. Ries, R. Koenig, R. Matzner, G. Sindoni, The LARES Space Experiment: LARES Orbit, Error Analysis and Satellite Structure, in General Relativity and John Archibald Wheeler, edited by Ignazio Ciufolini, Richard A. Matzner, Vol. 367 (Springer-Verlag, 2010) pp. 467--492, DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-3735-0_19
  36. 36.
    A. Paolozzi, I. Ciufolini, C. Vendittozzi, Acta Astron. 69, 127 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    I. Ciufolini, Phys. Rev. D 34, 1014 (1986)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Pearlman, J. Degnan, J. Bosworth, Adv. Space Res. 30, 135 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ignazio Ciufolini
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antonio Paolozzi
    • 3
    • 2
  • Erricos C. Pavlis
    • 4
  • Rolf Koenig
    • 5
  • John Ries
    • 6
  • Vahe Gurzadyan
    • 7
  • Richard Matzner
    • 8
  • Roger Penrose
    • 9
  • Giampiero Sindoni
    • 3
  • Claudio Paris
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’InnovazioneUniversità del SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.Centro FermiRomeItaly
  3. 3.Scuola di Ingegneria AerospazialeSapienza Università di RomaRomaItaly
  4. 4.Goddard Earth Science and Technology Center (GEST)University of MarylandBaltimore CountyUSA
  5. 5.Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany
  6. 6.Center for Space ResearchUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  7. 7.Center for Cosmology and AstrophysicsAlikhanian National LaboratoryYerevanArmenia
  8. 8.Theory GroupUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  9. 9.Mathematical InstituteUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations