# The physical basis of natural units and truly fundamental constants

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- Received:
- Accepted:

DOI: 10.1140/epjp/i2012-12011-5

- Cite this article as:
- Hsu, L. & Hsu, J.P. Eur. Phys. J. Plus (2012) 127: 11. doi:10.1140/epjp/i2012-12011-5

## Abstract

The natural unit system, in which the value of fundamental constants such as *c* and ℏ are set equal to one and all quantities are expressed in terms of a single unit, is usually introduced as a calculational convenience. However, we demonstrate that this system of natural units has a physical justification as well. We discuss and review the natural units, including definitions for each of the seven base units in the International System of Units (SI) in terms of a single unit. We also review the fundamental constants, which can be classified as units-dependent or units-independent. Units-independent constants, whose values are not determined by human conventions of units, may be interpreted as inherent constants of nature.