The European Physical Journal H

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 345–404 | Cite as

Neutrino. History of a unique particle

Article

Abstract

Neutrinos are the only fundamental fermions that have no electric charge. Because of that neutrinos have no direct electromagnetic interaction and at relatively small energies they can take part only in weak processes with virtual W± and Z0 bosons (like β-decay of nuclei, inverse β process \hbox{$\bar\nu_{e}+p\to e^{+}n$} ν̅e + p → e + n , etc.). Neutrino masses are many orders of magnitude smaller than masses of charged leptons and quarks. These two circumstances make neutrinos unique, special particles. The history of the neutrino is very interesting, exciting and instructive. We try here to follow the main stages of the neutrino history starting from the Pauli proposal and finishing with the discovery and study of neutrino oscillations.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia
  2. 2.TRIUMF 4004 Wesbrook MallVancouver BCCanada

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