Self-assembly of nanomaterials at fluid interfaces

Colloquium

Abstract.

Recent developments in the field of the self-assembly of nanoscale materials such as nanoparticles, nanorods and nanosheets at liquid/liquid interfaces are reviewed. Self-assembly behavior of both biological and synthetic particles is discussed. For biological nanoparticles, the nanoparticle assembly at fluid interfaces provides a simple route for directing nanoparticles into 2D or 3D constructs with hierarchical ordering. The interfacial assembly of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) at liquid interfaces would play a key role in applications such as nanotube fractionation, flexible electronic thin-film fabrication and synthesis of porous SWCNT/polymer composites foams. Liquids can be structured by the jamming of nanoparticle surfactants at fluid interfaces. By controlling the interfacial packing of nanoparticle surfactants using external triggers, a new class of materials can be generated that combines the desirable characteristics of fluids such as rapid transport of energy carriers with the structural stability of a solid.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Soft Matter: Interfacial Phenomena and Nanostructured Surfaces 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  3. 3.Materials Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LabBerkeleyUSA

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