Electrification of wind-blown sand: Recent advances and key issues

Colloquium

Abstract

In this paper, we summarize the recent advances on the electrification of wind-blown sand. Some of the outstanding questions, such as the interpretation of the electrification of wind-blown sand, measurements on and models of the features of the wind-blown sand E-fields, as well as their effect on the wind-blown sand flux and electromagnetic wave propagation, are reviewed. We end by highlighting the challenges that remain.

Graphical abstract

References

  1. 1.
    E.W.B. Gill, Nature 18, 2 (1948).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.S. Schmidt, R.A. Schmidt, J.D. Dent, Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 93, 29 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Mather, R. Harrison, Surv. Geophys. 27, 387 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G.D. Freier, J. Geophys. Res. 65, 3504 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.S. Schmidt, R.A. Schmidt, J.D. Dent, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 8997 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Gordon, P. Taylor, Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 130, 97 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Miura, T. Koyaguchi, Y. Tanaka, Bull. Volcanol. 64, 75 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.M. Awad, H.M. Said, B.A. Arafa, A.E. Sadeek, CIGRÉ, 2002 Paper No. 15-306, 1 (2002).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.-H. Zhou, Q. Shu He, X. Jing Zheng, Eur. Phys. J. E 17, 181 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    W.M. Farrell, G.T. Delory, S.A. Cummer, J.R. Marshall, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2050 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    When all hell breaks loose: Lightning tears the sky apart above the glow of the Chilean volcano, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1394503/Chile-volcano-causes-ash-cloud-lightning-tears-sky-apart.html.
  15. 15.
    X.J. Zheng, N. Huang, Y.-H. Zhou, J. Geophys. Res. D 108, 4322 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.F. Kok, N.O. Renno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 014501 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X.J. Zheng, Mechanics of Wind-blown Sand Movements (Springer, Berlin, 2009).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    W. Hu, L. Xie, X.J. Zheng, Eur. Phys. J. E 35, 22 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C.E.S. Phillips, Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 19, 742 (1910).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W.A.D. Rudge, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 90, 256 (1914).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Greeley, R. Leach, Rep. Planet. Geol. Program, 1977-1978, NASA TM 79729, 236 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.M. Forward, D.J. Lacks, R.M. Sankaran, Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L13201 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. Latham, C.D. Stow, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 94, 415 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E.J. Workman, S.E. Reynolds, Phys. Rev. 78, 254 (1950).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Fuerstenau, G. Wilson, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 143 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A.K. Kamra, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 5856 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Latham, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 90, 91 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    K.M. Forward, D.J. Lacks, R.M. Sankaran, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 028001 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J.J. Qu, M. Yan, G. Dong, H. Zhang, R. Zu, W. Tuo, A. Zhao, Z. Xiao, F. Li, B. Yang, Sci. China Ser. D-Earth Sci. 47, 529 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y.-H. Zhou, Q. Shu He, X. Jing Zheng, Eur. Phys. J. E 17, 181 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    H.F.W. Zhang, Tao Qu, Jian Jun Yan, Mu Hong, Chin. J. Geophys. 47, 47 (2004).ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    P.S.H. Henry, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 4, S31 (1953).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    M.D. Hogue, C.R. Buhler, C.I. Calle, T. Matsuyama, W. Luo, E.E. Groop, J. Electrostat. 61, 259 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    M.D. Hogue, E.R. Mucciolo, C.I. Calle, C.R. Buhler, J. Electrostat. 63, 179 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    L.S. McCarty, G.M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S.P. Kanagy, C.J. Mann, Earth-Sci. Rev. 36, 181 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C.D. Hendricks, Electrostatics and Its Applications, edited by A.D. Moore (Wiley, New York, 1973) pp. 57-85.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A.T. Szaynok, W. Wolniewicz, J. Electrostat. 1, 381 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    I.B. Cadoff, E. Miller, Thermoelectric Materials and Devices (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1960).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.W. Peterson, Phys. Rev. 76, 1882 (1949).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. Lowell, W.S. Truscott, J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys. 19, 1281 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. Lowell, W.S. Truscott, J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys. 19, 1273 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    J. Lowell, A.C. Rose-Innes, Adv. Phys. 29, 947 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    D.J. Lacks, A. Levandovsky, J. Electrostat. 65, 107 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    T. Shinbrot, H.J. Herrmann, Nature 451, 773 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    J.F. Kok, D.J. Lacks, Phys. Rev. E 79, 051304 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J.L. Daniel, R.M. Sankaran, J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys. 44, 453001 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    W. Hu, L. Xie, X. Zheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 114107 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S.J. Desch, J.N. Cuzzi, Icarus 143, 87 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    J.T. Randall, M.H.F. Wilkins, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 184, 390 (1945).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. Kron, T. Reitberger, B. Stenberg, Polym. Int. 42, 131 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. Pham, R.C. Virnelson, R.M. Sankaran, D.J. Lacks, J. Electrostat. 69, 456 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    G.S.P. Castle, Proc. ESA Annual Meeting on Electrostatics, Paper M1 (2008).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, K. Kajihara, Phys. Status Solidi C 2, 15 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    J. Du, A.N. Cormack, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 88, 2532 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    S. Sharif, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 33, 353 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    F.B. Gross, S.B. Grek, C.I. Calle, R.U. Lee, J. Electrostat. 53, 257 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    J.R. Green, J.D. Nelson, H.A. Perko, Space 2002 and Robotics (The American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, 2002), pp. 176-189.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    M.W. Williams, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 47, 1093 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    H.T. Baytekin, B. Baytekin, J.T. Incorvati, B.A. Grzybowski, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 4843 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    M.W. Williams, J. Electrostat. 70, 233 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    N. Knorr, AIP Advances 1, 022119 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    W.A.D. Rudge, Nature 91, 31 (1913).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    L. Demon, P. DeFelice, H. Gondet, Y. Kast, L. Pontier, J. Rech. Cent. Natl Rech. Sci. 24, 126 (1953).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    D.J. Harris, Nature 214, 585 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    D.J. Harris, Planetary Electrodynamics, edited by S.C. Coroniti, J. Hughes, Vol. 1 (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1969) pp. 39-47.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    C.D. Stow, Weather 24, 134 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    W.M. Farrell, P.H. Smith, G.T. Delory, G.B. Hillard, J.R. Marshall, D. Catling, M. Hecht, D.M. Tratt, N. Renno, M.D. Desch, S.A. Cummer, J.G. Houser, B. Johnson, J. Geophys. Res. 109, E03004 (2004).ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    N.O. Renno, V.J. Abreu, J. Koch, P.H. Smith, O.K. Hartogensis, H.A.R. De Bruin, D. Burose, G.T. Delory, W.M. Farrell, C.J. Watts, J. Garatuza, M. Parker, A. Carswell, J. Geophys. Res. 109, E07001 (2004).ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    T.L. Jackson, W.M. Farrell, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, 2942 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    E. Williams, N. Nathou, E. Hicks, C. Pontikis, B. Russell, M. Miller, M.J. Bartholomew, Atmos. Res 91, 292 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    A.R. Johnston, H. Kirkham, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 4, 1253 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    N.O. Renno, J.F. Kok, H. Kirkham, S. Rogacki, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 142, 012075 (2008).ADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    X. Zheng, L. He, Y. Zhou, J. Geophys. Res. 109, D15208 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    N. Huang, G. Yue, X. Zheng, J. Geophys. Res. 113, D20203 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Y. Shao, M.R. Raupach, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 20559 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    I. Delgado-Fernandez, Aeolian Res. 2, 61 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    D.W. Fryrear, A. Saleh, Soil Sci. 161, 398 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    D.A. Gillette, G. Herbert, P.H. Stockton, P.R. Owen, Earth Surf. Process. Landf. 21, 641 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Z. Dong, H. Wang, X. Liu, X. Wang, Geomorphology 57, 117 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    A.C.W. Baas, D.J. Sherman, J. Geophys. Res. F 110, F03011 (2005).ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    H. Zhang, T.L. Bo, W. Zhu, X.J. Zheng, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118, 4494 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    R.A. Bagnold, The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes (Methuen, London, 1941).Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Y. Shao, Physics and Modelling of Wind Erosion (Springer, Berlin, 2008).Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    P.R. Owen, J. Fluid Mech. 20, 225 (1964).ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    R.S. Anderson, P.K. Haff, Science 241, 820 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    B.T. Werner, J. Geol. 98, 1 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Y. Shao, A. Li, Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 91, 199 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    R. Greeley, J.D. Iversen, Wind as a geological process: On Earth, Mars, Venus, and Titan (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1985).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    N. Huang, X.J. Zheng, Y.-H. Zhou, R.S. Van Pelt, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D20201 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    J.F. Kok, N.O. Renno, J. Geophys. Res. 114, D17204 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    G. Yue, X.J. Zheng, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D16106 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    X.J. Zheng, L.H. He, J.J. Wu, J. Geophys. Res. 109, B01106 (2004).ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    J.F. Kok, N.O. Renno, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L19S10 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    K.R. Rasmussen, J.F. Kok, J.P. Merrison, Planet Space Sci. 57, 804 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    T. Pahtz, H.J. Herrmann, T. Shinbrot, Nat. Phys. 6, 364 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    S. Haddad, M.J.H. Salman, R.K. Jha, Proc. URSI Commission F Symposium, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, SP-194 (ESA Publications, 1983) p. 153.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    X.C. Li, L. Xie, X.J. Zheng, J. Quantum. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113, 251 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Y.D. Fan, P.J. Shi, X. Wang, Y.Z. Pan, Adv. Earth Sci. (Chinese) 17, 289 (2002).Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    K.B. Mao, Z.H. Qin, M.C. Li, B. Xu, Remote Sensing Inform (Chinese) 3, 63 (2005).Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, D. Winker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L18805 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    J.P. Huang, Z.W. Huang, J.R. Bi, W. Zhang, L. zhang, Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett. 1, 8 (2008).Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    J.M. Ge, Y.Z. Liu, J.P. Huang, J. Su, J.M. Li, J.R. Bi, J. Appl. Opt. (Chinese) 30, 202 (2009).Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    X. Li, X.C. Li, X.J. Zheng, Appl. Opt. 49, 6756 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mechanics on Western Disaster and EnvironmentLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Civil Engineering and MechanicsLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

Personalised recommendations