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A network of superconducting gravimeters as a detector of matter with feeble nongravitational coupling

Abstract

Hidden matter that interacts only gravitationally would oscillate at characteristic frequencies when trapped inside of Earth. For small oscillations near the center of the Earth, these frequencies are around 300 μHz. Additionally, signatures at higher harmonics would appear because of the non-uniformity of Earth’s density. In this work, we use data from a global network of gravimeters of the International Geodynamics and Earth Tide Service (IGETS) to look for these hypothetical trapped objects. We find no evidence for such objects with masses on the order of 1014 kg or greater with an oscillation amplitude of 0.1 re. It may be possible to improve the sensitivity of the search by several orders of magnitude via better understanding of the terrestrial noise sources and more advanced data analysis.

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Acknowledgments

Open access funding provided by Projekt DEAL.

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Correspondence to Nataniel L. Figueroa.

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Contribution to the Topical Issue “Quantum Technologies for Gravitational Physics”, edited by Tanja Mehlstäubler, Yanbei Chen, Guglielmo M. Tino and Hsien-Chi Yeh.

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Hu, W., Lawson, M.M., Budker, D. et al. A network of superconducting gravimeters as a detector of matter with feeble nongravitational coupling. Eur. Phys. J. D 74, 115 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2020-10069-8

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