Advertisement

The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 353–357 | Cite as

Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity

  • G. Stern
  • B. Battelier
  • R. Geiger
  • G. Varoquaux
  • A. Villing
  • F. Moron
  • O. Carraz
  • N. Zahzam
  • Y. Bidel
  • W. Chaibi
  • F. Pereira Dos Santos
  • A. Bresson
  • A. Landragin
  • P. BouyerEmail author
Highlight Paper

Abstract

We describe the operation of a light pulse interferometer using cold 87Rb atoms in reduced gravity. Using a series of two Raman transitions induced by light pulses, we have obtained Ramsey fringes in the low gravity environment achieved during parabolic flights. With our compact apparatus, we have operated in a regime which is not accessible on ground. In the much lower gravity environment and lower vibration level of a satellite, our cold atom interferometer could measure accelerations with a sensitivity orders of magnitude better than the best ground based accelerometers and close to proven spaced-based ones.

PACS

37.25.+k Atom interferometry techniques 03.75.Dg Atom and neutron interferometry 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. B. Dubetsky, M.A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. A 74, 023615 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J.M. Hogan, M.A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J.M. Hogan, M.A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. D 78, 042003 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. W. Ertmer et al., Exp. Astron. 23, 611 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. P. Wolf et al., Exp. Astron. 23, 651 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. C.J. Bordé, Phys. Lett. A (1989)Google Scholar
  7. P. Storey, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Phys. II France 4, 1999 (1994)Google Scholar
  8. C.J. Bordé, C.R. Acad. Sci. Sér. IV 2, 509 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. M. Kasevich, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 181 (1991)Google Scholar
  10. T.L. Gustavson, P. Bouyer, M.A. Kasevich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2046 (1997)Google Scholar
  11. A. Leanhardt, T. Pasquini, M. Saba, A. Schirotzek, Y. Shin, D. Kielpinski, D. Pritchard, W. Ketterle, Science 301, 1513 (2003)Google Scholar
  12. Y. Le Coq, J. Retter, S. Richard, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, Appl. Phys. B 84, 627 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. A. Clairon, C. Salomon, S. Guelatti, W. Phillips, Europhys. Lett. 16, 165 (1991)Google Scholar
  14. A. Vogel et al., Appl. Phys. B 84, 663 (2006)Google Scholar
  15. P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, E. Simon, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, N. Dimarcq, P. Petit, C. Audoin, C. Salomon, Eur. Phys. J. D 3, 201 (1998)Google Scholar
  16. R.A. Nyman et al., Appl. Phys. B 84, 673 (2006)Google Scholar
  17. G. Varoquaux in Proceedings of the XLIInd Rencontres de Moriond, Gravitational Waves and Experimental Gravity, edited by J. Dumarchez and J.T.T. Vân (2007), p. 335, arXiv:physics/0705.2922Google Scholar
  18. T. Könemann et al., Appl. Phys. B 89, 431 (2007)Google Scholar
  19. N. Yu, J.M. Kohel, J.R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, Appl. Phys. B 84, 647 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. P. Laurent et al., Appl. Phys. B 84, 683 (2006)Google Scholar
  21. A. Bruner, V. Mahal, I. Kiryuschev, A. Arie, M.A. Arbore, M.M. Fejer, Appl. Opt. 37, 6410 (1998)Google Scholar
  22. R.J. Thompson, M. Tu, D.C. Aveline, N. Lundblad, L. Maleki, Opt. Express 11, 1709 (2003)Google Scholar
  23. F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, Appl. Phys. B 89, 177 (2007)Google Scholar
  24. C. Antoine, C.J. Bordé, J. Opt. B: Quantum. Semiclass. Opt. 5, S199 (2003)Google Scholar
  25. C.J. Bordé, Metrologia 39, 435 (2002)Google Scholar
  26. M. Kasevich, D.S. Weiss, E. Riis, K. Moler, S. Kasapi, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2297 (1991)Google Scholar
  27. J. Hensley, A. Peters, S. Chu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2735 (1999)Google Scholar
  28. J.L. Gouët, T. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, F. Pereira Dos Santos, Appl. Phys. B 92, (2008)Google Scholar
  29. S. Merlet, J.L. Gouët, Q. Bodart, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, F. Pereira Dos Santos, P. Rouchon, Metrologia 46, 87 (2009)Google Scholar
  30. B. Christophe et al., Exp. Astron. 23, 529 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Stern
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Battelier
    • 1
  • R. Geiger
    • 1
  • G. Varoquaux
    • 1
  • A. Villing
    • 1
  • F. Moron
    • 1
  • O. Carraz
    • 3
  • N. Zahzam
    • 3
  • Y. Bidel
    • 3
  • W. Chaibi
    • 2
  • F. Pereira Dos Santos
    • 2
  • A. Bresson
    • 3
  • A. Landragin
    • 2
  • P. Bouyer
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l’Institut d’Optique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Université Paris Sud 11, Institut d’Optique Graduate SchoolPalaiseau CedexFrance
  2. 2.LNE-SYRTE, CNRS UMR 8630ParisFrance
  3. 3.Office National d’Étude et de Recherches Aérospatiales, Chemin de la HunièrePalaiseauFrance

Personalised recommendations