Search for solar axions emitted in the M1-transition of 7Li* with Borexino CTF

Abstract

Results of background measurements with a prototype of the Borexino detector were used to search for 478 keV solar axions emitted in the M1-transitions of 7Li*. The Compton conversion of axion to a photon A+e→e+γ, axioelectric effect A+e+Z→e+Z, decay of axion in two photons A→2γ and Primakoff conversion on nuclei A+Z→γ+Z are considered. The upper limit on constants of interaction of axion with electrons, photons and nucleons – gAegAN≤(1.0–2.4)×10-10 at mA≤450 keV and ggAN≤5×10-9 GeV-1 at mA≤10 keV are obtained (90%c.l.). For heavy axions with mass at 100<mA<400 keV the limits gAe<(0.7–2.0)×10-8 and g<10-9–10-8 are obtained in assumption that gAN depends on mA as for KSVZ axion model. These limits are stronger than obtained in previous laboratory-based experiments using nuclear reactor and artificial radioactive sources.

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Correspondence to A. Derbin.

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14.80.Mz; 29.40.Mc; 26.65.+t

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Bellini, G., Benziger, J., Bonetti, S. et al. Search for solar axions emitted in the M1-transition of 7Li* with Borexino CTF. Eur. Phys. J. C 54, 61–72 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-008-0530-9

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Keywords

  • Axion Mass
  • Liquid Scintillator
  • Hadronic Axion
  • Heavy Axion
  • Pseudoscalar Particle