The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 61–72 | Cite as

Search for solar axions emitted in the M1-transition of 7Li* with Borexino CTF

  • G. Bellini
  • J. Benziger
  • S. Bonetti
  • B. Caccianiga
  • F. Calaprice
  • F. Dalnoki-Veress
  • D. D’Angelo
  • H. de Kerret
  • A. Derbin
  • A. Etenko
  • K. Fomenko
  • D. Franco
  • C. Galbiati
  • S. Gazzana
  • M.G. Giammarchi
  • M. Goeger-Neff
  • A. Goretti
  • C. Grieb
  • S. Hardy
  • A. Ianni
  • A.M. Ianni
  • M. Joyce
  • V.V. Kobychev
  • G. Korga
  • D. Kryn
  • M. Laubenstein
  • M. Leung
  • E. Litvinovich
  • P. Lombardi
  • L. Ludhova
  • I. Machulin
  • G. Manuzio
  • F. Masetti
  • K. McCarty
  • E. Meroni
  • L. Miramonti
  • M. Misiaszek
  • D. Montanari
  • M.E. Monzani
  • V. Muratova
  • L. Niedermeier
  • L. Oberauer
  • M. Obolensky
  • F. Ortica
  • M. Pallavicini
  • L. Papp
  • L. Perasso
  • R.S. Raghavan
  • G. Ranucci
  • A. Razeto
  • A. Sabelnikov
  • C. Salvo
  • S. Schönert
  • H. Simgen
  • M. Skorokhvatov
  • O. Smirnov
  • A. Sotnikov
  • S. Sukhotin
  • Y. Suvorov
  • V. Tarasenkov
  • R. Tartaglia
  • G. Testera
  • D. Vignaud
  • F. von Feilitzsch
  • R.B. Vogelaar
  • M. Wojcik
  • O. Zaimidoroga
  • S. Zavatarelli
  • G. Zuzel
  • The Borexino Collaboration
Open Access
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract

Results of background measurements with a prototype of the Borexino detector were used to search for 478 keV solar axions emitted in the M1-transitions of 7Li*. The Compton conversion of axion to a photon A+e→e+γ, axioelectric effect A+e+Z→e+Z, decay of axion in two photons A→2γ and Primakoff conversion on nuclei A+Z→γ+Z are considered. The upper limit on constants of interaction of axion with electrons, photons and nucleons – gAegAN≤(1.0–2.4)×10-10 at mA≤450 keV and ggAN≤5×10-9 GeV-1 at mA≤10 keV are obtained (90%c.l.). For heavy axions with mass at 100<mA<400 keV the limits gAe<(0.7–2.0)×10-8 and g<10-9–10-8 are obtained in assumption that gAN depends on mA as for KSVZ axion model. These limits are stronger than obtained in previous laboratory-based experiments using nuclear reactor and artificial radioactive sources.

Keywords

Axion Mass Liquid Scintillator Hadronic Axion Heavy Axion Pseudoscalar Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bellini
    • 1
  • J. Benziger
    • 2
  • S. Bonetti
    • 1
  • B. Caccianiga
    • 1
  • F. Calaprice
    • 3
  • F. Dalnoki-Veress
    • 3
  • D. D’Angelo
    • 1
  • H. de Kerret
    • 4
  • A. Derbin
    • 5
  • A. Etenko
    • 6
  • K. Fomenko
    • 7
  • D. Franco
    • 1
  • C. Galbiati
    • 3
  • S. Gazzana
    • 8
  • M.G. Giammarchi
    • 1
  • M. Goeger-Neff
    • 9
  • A. Goretti
    • 3
  • C. Grieb
    • 10
  • S. Hardy
    • 10
  • A. Ianni
    • 8
  • A.M. Ianni
    • 3
  • M. Joyce
    • 10
  • V.V. Kobychev
    • 11
  • G. Korga
    • 8
  • D. Kryn
    • 4
  • M. Laubenstein
    • 8
  • M. Leung
    • 3
  • E. Litvinovich
    • 6
  • P. Lombardi
    • 1
  • L. Ludhova
    • 1
  • I. Machulin
    • 6
  • G. Manuzio
    • 12
  • F. Masetti
    • 13
  • K. McCarty
    • 3
  • E. Meroni
    • 1
  • L. Miramonti
    • 1
  • M. Misiaszek
    • 14
  • D. Montanari
    • 8
  • M.E. Monzani
    • 8
  • V. Muratova
    • 5
  • L. Niedermeier
    • 9
  • L. Oberauer
    • 9
  • M. Obolensky
    • 4
  • F. Ortica
    • 13
  • M. Pallavicini
    • 12
  • L. Papp
    • 8
  • L. Perasso
    • 1
  • R.S. Raghavan
    • 10
  • G. Ranucci
    • 1
  • A. Razeto
    • 8
  • A. Sabelnikov
    • 6
  • C. Salvo
    • 12
  • S. Schönert
    • 15
  • H. Simgen
    • 15
  • M. Skorokhvatov
    • 6
  • O. Smirnov
    • 7
  • A. Sotnikov
    • 7
  • S. Sukhotin
    • 6
  • Y. Suvorov
    • 8
  • V. Tarasenkov
    • 6
  • R. Tartaglia
    • 8
  • G. Testera
    • 12
  • D. Vignaud
    • 4
  • F. von Feilitzsch
    • 9
  • R.B. Vogelaar
    • 10
  • M. Wojcik
    • 14
  • O. Zaimidoroga
    • 7
  • S. Zavatarelli
    • 12
  • G. Zuzel
    • 15
  • The Borexino Collaboration
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica Università and INFN MilanoMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, A-217Engineering QuadranglePrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  4. 4.Astroparticule et Cosmologie APCParis cedex 13France
  5. 5.St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics InstituteGatchinaRussia
  6. 6.RRC Kurchatov InstituteMoscowRussia
  7. 7.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia
  8. 8.INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoAssergi (AQ)Italy
  9. 9.Technische Universität MünchenGarchingGermany
  10. 10.Physics DepartmentVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  11. 11.Kiev Institute for Nuclear ResearchKievUkraine
  12. 12.Dipartimento di Fisica Università and I.N.F.N. GenovaGenovaItaly
  13. 13.Dipartimento di Chimica Università di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  14. 14.M. Smoluchowski Institute of PhysicsJagellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  15. 15.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany

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