Theory of dual fermion superconductivity in hole-doped cuprates

  • Jun Chang
  • Jize Zhao
Regular Article
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Since the discovery of the cuprate high-temperature superconductivity in 1986, a universal phase diagram has been constructed experimentally and numerous theoretical models have been proposed. However, there remains no consensus on the underlying physics thus far. Here, we theoretically investigate the phase diagram of hole-doped cuprates based on an itinerant-localized dual fermion model, with the charge carriers doped on the oxygen sites and localized holes on the copper dx2 − y2 orbitals. We analytically demonstrate that the puzzling anomalous normal state or the strange metal could simply stem from a free Fermi gas of carriers bathing in copper antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations. The short-range high-energy spin excitations also act as the “magnetic glue” of carrier Cooper pairs and induce d-wave superconductivity from the underdoped to overdoped regime, distinctly different from the conventional low-frequency magnetic fluctuation mechanism. We further sketch out the characteristic dome-shaped critical temperature Tc versus doping level. The emergence of the pseudogap is ascribed to the localization of partial carriers coupled to the local copper moments or a crossover from the strange metal to a nodal Kondo-like insulator. Our work provides a consistent theoretical framework to understand the typical phase diagram of hole-doped cuprates and paves a distinct way to the studies of both non-Fermi liquid and unconventional superconductivity in strongly correlated systems.

Keywords

Solid State and Materials 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Chang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jize Zhao
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anP.R. China
  2. 2.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsBeijingP.R. China
  3. 3.Institute of Applied Physics and Computational MathematicsBeijingP.R. China

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