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An opinion-driven behavioral dynamics model for addictive behaviors

  • Thomas W. MooreEmail author
  • Patrick D. Finley
  • Benjamin J. Apelberg
  • Bridget K. Ambrose
  • Nancy S. Brodsky
  • Theresa J. Brown
  • Corinne Husten
  • Robert J. Glass
Open Access
Regular Article

Abstract

We present a model of behavioral dynamics that combines a social network-based opinion dynamics model with behavioral mapping. The behavioral component is discrete and history-dependent to represent situations in which an individual’s behavior is initially driven by opinion and later constrained by physiological or psychological conditions that serve to maintain the behavior. Individuals are modeled as nodes in a social network connected by directed edges. Parameter sweeps illustrate model behavior and the effects of individual parameters and parameter interactions on model results. Mapping a continuous opinion variable into a discrete behavioral space induces clustering on directed networks. Clusters provide targets of opportunity for influencing the network state; however, the smaller the network the greater the stochasticity and potential variability in outcomes. This has implications both for behaviors that are influenced by close relationships verses those influenced by societal norms and for the effectiveness of strategies for influencing those behaviors.

Keywords

Statistical and Nonlinear Physics 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas W. Moore
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patrick D. Finley
    • 1
  • Benjamin J. Apelberg
    • 2
  • Bridget K. Ambrose
    • 2
  • Nancy S. Brodsky
    • 1
  • Theresa J. Brown
    • 1
  • Corinne Husten
    • 2
  • Robert J. Glass
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Center for Tobacco ProductsU.S. Food and Drug AdministrationRockvilleUSA

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