Advances in femto-nano-optics: ultrafast nonlinearity of metal nanoparticles

  • Tatjana Stoll
  • Paolo Maioli
  • Aurélien Crut
  • Natalia Del Fatti
  • Fabrice Vallée
Colloquium

Abstract

With the recent advances of experimental techniques, the nonlinear ultrafast optical response of metal nano-objects can now be investigated both on ensembles and on single nanoparticles. Its connection with the metal electronic and lattice kinetics is studied on the basis of a model describing the wavelength and time-dependent modifications of the object material dielectric function. Its application is illustrated in the case of single silver nanospheres and gold nanorods, as well as on ensembles of noble metal nanoparticles and metal-semiconductor nano-hybrids. This quantitative analysis also permits to elucidate the physical mechanisms at the origin of ultrafast nonlinearities in confined metals at different timescales.

References

  1. 1.
    U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, G. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L.M. Liz-Marzán, Langmuir 22, 32 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A.M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L.M. Liz-Marzán, F.J. García de Abajo, Chem. Soc. Rev. 37, 1792 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Chem. Soc. Rev. 43, 3921 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Del Fatti, C. Voisin, M. Achermann, S. Tzortzakis, D. Christofilos, F. Vallée, Phys. Rev. B 61, 16956 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Voisin, N. Del Fatti, D. Christofilos, F. Vallée, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2264 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, A. Stella, P. Tognini, P. Cheyssac, R. Kofman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3575 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, J. Lermé, M. Pellarin, M. Broyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2200 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Arbouet, C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. Langot, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, G. Celep, E. Cottancin, M. Gaudry, M. Pellarin, M. Broyer, M. Maillard, M.P. Pileni, M. Treguer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 177401 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Del Fatti, C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, F. Vallée, C. Flytzanis, J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 4321 (2000)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 5882 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G.V. Hartland, Chem. Rev. 111, 3858 (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Ultrasonics, DOI:10.1016/j.ultras.2014.02.013 (2014)
  17. 17.
    D.G. Cahill, W.K. Ford, K.E. Goodson, G.D. Mahan, A. Majumdar, H.J. Maris, R. Merlin, S.R. Phillpot, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 793 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. Juvé, M. Scardamaglia, P. Maioli, A. Crut, S. Merabia, L. Joly, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Phys. Rev. B 80, 195406 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Huang, J. Park, W. Wang, C.J. Murphy, D.G. Cahill, ACS Nano 7, 589 (2013)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Broyer, Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Fujimoto, J. Liu, E. Ippen, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.-K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. Acioli, E. Ippen, J. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Link, M.A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 8410 (1999)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Appl. Phys. B 73, 383 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Kiel, H. Möhwald, M. Bargheer, Phys. Rev. B 84, 165121 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. van Dijk, M. Lippitz, M. Orrit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267406 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    O.L. Muskens, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Nano Lett. 6, 552 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. Staleva, G.V. Hartland, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 7535 (2008)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Burgin, P. Langot, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, W. Huang, M.A. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11231 (2008)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    H. Baida, D. Christofilos, P. Maioli, A. Crut, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Raman Spectrosc. 42, 1891 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P.V. Ruijgrok, P. Zijlstra, A.L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, Nano Lett. 12, 1063 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 057402 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    F. Masia, W. Langbein, P. Borri, Phys. Rev. B 85, 235403 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    F. Masia, W. Langbein, P. Borri, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4226 (2013)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    C. Guillon, P. Langot, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, New J. Phys. 5, 13 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    B. Lamprecht, J.R. Krenn, A. Leitner, F.R. Aussenegg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4421 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    A. Anderson, K.S. Deryckx, X.G. Xu, G. Steinmeyer, M.B. Raschke, Nano Lett. 10, 2519 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J.H. Hodak, A. Henglein, G.V. Hartland, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5053 (2000)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Del Fatti, C. Voisin, F. Chevy, F. Vallée, C. Flytzanis, J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11484 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.H. Hodak, A. Henglein, G.V. Hartland, J. Chem. Phys. 111, 8613 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Physica B 316-317, 89 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Z. Ge, D.G. Cahill, P.V. Braun, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 18870 (2004)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    A.L. Tchebotareva, P.V. Ruijgrok, P. Zijlstra, M. Orrit, Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 581 (2010)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    C. Guillon, P. Langot, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, A.S. Kirakosyan, T.V. Shahbazyan, T. Cardinal, M. Treguer, Nano Lett. 7, 138 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    V. Juvé, A. Crut, P. Maioli, M. Pellarin, M. Broyer, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Nano Lett. 10, 1853 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    H.E. Sauceda, D. Mongin, P. Maioli, A. Crut, M. Pellarin, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, I.L. Garzón, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 25147 (2012)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    T.A. Major, S.S. Lo, K. Yu, G.V. Hartland, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 866 (2014)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    C. Voisin, N. Del Fatti, D. Christofilos, F. Vallée, Appl. Surf. Sci. 164, 131 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. Gambetta, C. Manzoni, E. Menna, M. Meneghetti, G. Cerullo, G. Lanzani, S. Tretiak, A. Piryatinski, A. Saxena, R.L. Martin, A.R. Bishop, Nat. Phys. 2, 515 (2006)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    M. Pelton, J.E. Sader, J. Burgin, M. Liu, P. Guyot-Sionnest, D. Gosztola, Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 492 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    T.A. Major, A. Crut, B. Gao, S.S. Lo, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, G.V. Hartland, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4169 (2013)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    M. Pelton, D. Chakraborty, E. Malachosky, P. Guyot-Sionnest, J.E. Sader, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 244502 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, A. Nakamura, Chem. Phys. 251, 215 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    C.F. Bohren, D.R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    N.W. Ashcroft, N.D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1976)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    J. Smith, H. Ehrenreich, Phys. Rev. B 25, 923 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    P.B. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1460 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    C.-Y. Tsai, C.-H. Chen, T.-L. Sung, T.-Y. Wu, F.-P. Shih, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 552 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    R.N. Gurzhi, Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 35, 673 (1959)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    A. Kawabata, R. Kubo, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 21, 1765 (1966)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    H. Baida, P. Billaud, S. Marhaba, D. Christofilos, E. Cottancin, A. Crut, J. Lermé, P. Maioli, M. Pellarin, M. Broyer, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, A. Sánchez-Iglesias, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L.M. Liz-Marzán, Nano Lett. 9, 3463 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    V. Juvé, M.F. Cardinal, A. Lombardi, A. Crut, P. Maioli, J. Pérez-Juste, L.M. Liz-Marzán, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Nano Lett. 13, 2234 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    E.A. Coronado, G.C. Schatz, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 3926 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1647 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    J. Lermé, H. Baida, C. Bonnet, M. Broyer, E. Cottancin, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Pellarin, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2922 (2010)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    J. Lermé, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 14098 (2011)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    N.E. Christensen, B.O. Seraphin, Phys. Rev. B 4, 3321 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    N.E. Christensen, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 54, 551 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    F. Bassani, G. Pastori-Parravicini, Electronic States and Optical Transitions in Solids (Pergamon Press, New York, 1975)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    M. Dressel, G. Grüner, Electrodynamics of Solids: Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 2002)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    H. Ehrenreich, M. Cohen, Phys. Rev. 115, 786 (1959)ADSMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    R. Rosei, Phys. Rev. B 10, 474 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    M. Guerrisi, R. Rosei, P. Winsemius, Phys. Rev. B 12, 557 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    R. Rosei, C. Culp, J. Weaver, Phys. Rev. B 10, 484 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    N.N. Smith, Phys. Rev. B 3, 1862 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    P.B. Johnson, R.W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    J.H. Weaver, H.P.R. Frederikse, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, 1977)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    N.P. Blanchard, C. Smith, D.S. Martin, D.J. Hayton, T.E. Jenkins, P. Weightman, Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 2931 (2003)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    R.L. Olmon, B. Slovick, T.W. Johnson, D. Shelton, S.-H. Oh, G.D. Boreman, M.B. Raschke, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235147 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    T. Rangel, D. Kecik, P.E. Trevisanutto, G.-M. Rignanese, H. Van Swygenhoven, V. Olevano, Phys. Rev. B 86, 125125 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    E.D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, Orlando, 1985)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    P. Billaud, J.R. Huntzinger, E. Cottancin, J. Lermé, M. Pellarin, L. Arnaud, M. Broyer, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Eur. Phys. J. D 43, 271 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    F. Vallée, in Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry, edited by C. Bréchignac, P. Houdy, M. Lahmani (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2007), pp. 197–228Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, M. Vollmer, Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    J. Pérez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L.M. Liz-Marzán, P. Mulvaney, Coord. Chem. Rev. 249, 1870 (2005)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    O.L. Muskens, G. Bachelier, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, A. Brioude, X. Jiang, M.-P. Pileni, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 8917 (2008)Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Y.R. Davletshin, A. Lombardi, M.F. Cardinal, V. Juvé, A. Crut, P. Maioli, L.M. Liz-Marzán, F. Vallée, N. Del Fatti, J.C. Kumaradas, ACS Nano 6, 8183 (2012)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    A. Lombardi, M. Loumaigne, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, M. Spuch-Calvar, J. Burgin, J. Majimel, M. Tréguer-Delapierre, Langmuir 28, 9027 (2012)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    N.V. Voshchinnikov, V.G. Farafonov, Astrophys. Space Sci. 204, 19 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    J. Jin, The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics, 2nd edn. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2002)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    J.M. Ziman, Principles of the Theory of Solids (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1969)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    P.E. Hopkins, J.L. Kassebaum, P.M. Norris, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023710 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    L. Guo, S.L. Hodson, T.S. Fisher, X. Xu, J. Heat Transfer 134, 042402 (2012)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    S. Park, M. Pelton, M. Liu, P. Guyot-Sionnest, N.F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 116 (2007)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    E. Knoesel, A. Hotzel, M. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12812 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    R. Matzdorf, A. Gerlach, F. Theilmann, G. Meister, A. Goldmann, Appl. Phys. B 68, 393 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    P. Nozieres, D. Pines, Theory of Quantum Liquids (W.A. Benjamin, 1966)Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    M.I. Kaganov, I.M. Lifshitz, L.V. Tanatarov, Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 4, 173 (1957)MATHGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    S.I. Anisimov, B.L. Kapeliovich, T.L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 39, 375 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    N. Del Fatti, A. Arbouet, F. Vallée, Appl. Phys. B 84, 175 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    F. Vallée, N. Del Fatti, in Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics, edited by T. Shahbazyan, M. Stockman (Springer, 2013), pp. 167–205Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    M. Hu, G.V. Hartland, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 7029 (2002)Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    O. Wilson, X. Hu, D. Cahill, P. Braun, Phys. Rev. B 66, 224301 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    F. Banfi, V. Juvé, D. Nardi, S. Dal Conte, C. Giannetti, G. Ferrini, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 011902 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Grésillon, C. Dahmen, G. von Plessen, Phys. Rev. B 70, 195423 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    B. Palpant, Y. Guillet, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, D. Prot, Gold Bull. 41, 105 (2008)Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Y. Guillet, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Palpant, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045410 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    G. Della Valle, M. Conforti, S. Longhi, G. Cerullo, D. Brida, Phys. Rev. B 86, 155139 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    E. Carpene, Phys. Rev. B 74, 024301 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    P. Winsemius, M. Guerrisi, R. Rosei, Phys. Rev. B 12, 4570 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    G. Parkins, W. Lawrence, R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 23, 6408 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    M. Hu, X. Wang, G.V. Hartland, P. Mulvaney, J. Perez-Juste, J.E. Sader, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 14925 (2003)Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    R.B. Wilson, B.A. Apgar, L.W. Martin, D.G. Cahill, Opt. Exp. 20, 28829 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Palpant, Phys. Rev. B 74, 075405 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    P. Winsemius, F.F. van Kampen, H.P. Lengkeek, C.G. van Went, J. Phys. F 6, 1583 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    M. Rashidi Huyeh, M. Shirdel Havar, B. Palpant, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 103101 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    F. Antonangeli, E. Colavita, R. Rosei, S.E. Salusti, Nuovo Cimento B 24, 121 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J.R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, M. Broyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 127401 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    O.L. Muskens, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Opt. A 8, S264 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    O.L. Muskens, P. Billaud, M. Broyer, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, Phys. Rev. B 78, 205410 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    N. Del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, F. Vallée, Appl. Phys. B 68, 433 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    D. Mongin, E. Shaviv, P. Maioli, A. Crut, U. Banin, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, ACS Nano 6, 7034 (2012)Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    A.E. Saunders, I. Popov, U. Banin, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 25421 (2006)Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    J. Tiggesbäumker, L. Köller, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 260, 428 (1996)ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatjana Stoll
    • 1
  • Paolo Maioli
    • 1
  • Aurélien Crut
    • 1
  • Natalia Del Fatti
    • 1
  • Fabrice Vallée
    • 1
  1. 1.FemtoNanoOptics group, Institut Lumière Matière UMR5306Université Lyon 1, CNRSVilleurbanneFrance

Personalised recommendations