X-ray irradiation effect of double walled carbon nanotube
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We have studied double-walled carbon nanotube (DWNT) irradiated by soft X-ray by Raman scattering spectroscopy and the spectral characteristics are compared to single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) irradiated under the same condition. We proved that DWNT is more stable for the X-ray induced defect formation than SWNT. Moreover, we found that the outer tube of DWNT was more sensitive on X-ray irradiation than the inner tube. The defect was recovered by annealing in Ar at lower temperature than that of SWNT. Based on these results, we inferred that X-ray irradiation leads to formation of interstitial-vacancy pairs, Frenkel defects, in carbon nanotube. The interstitial-vacancy separation on the inner tube of DWNT is conceivably shorter than that of the outer tube.