Exotic high pressure behavior of light alkali metals, lithium and sodium

Colloquium

Abstract

At ambient conditions, lithium and sodium behave as free-electron metals and adopt highly symmetric close-packed structures. Under high pressure, however, these simple metals undergo a series of complex phase transitions to structures of lower symmetry, along with significant changes of their physical properties. In this review we provide a comprehensive description of these light alkali metals, with a focus on the structural and electronic properties under pressure.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)Donostia, Basque CountrySpain
  2. 2.Centro de Física de Materiales (CFM) CSIC-UPV/EHUDonostia, Basque CountrySpain
  3. 3.State Key Lab of Superhard MaterialsJilin UniversityChangchunP.R. China
  4. 4.Materia Kondentsatuaren Fisika Saila, Zientzia eta Teknologia FakultateaEuskal Herriko UnibertsitateaBilbo, Basque CountrySpain

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