The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 415–430 | Cite as

sp3 domain in graphite by visible light and photoinduced phase transitions

Colloquia

Abstract

Photoinduced structural phase transition (PSPT)s are reviewed in connection with recent experimental results. There are two key concepts: the hidden multi-stability of the ground state, and the proliferations of optically excited states. Taking the ionic (I)-neutral (N) phase transition in an organic charge-transfer (CT) crystal TTF-CA, as an example, we, briefly look back the essence of its PSPT, in terms of the CT exciton and the N-domain proliferation. Next, we are concerned with the discovery of a new photoinduced phase with inter-layer σ-bonds in a graphite. We will see the mechanism of this nonequilibrium phase transition, in terms of the proliferation of photo-generated inter-layer CT excitations in the visible region. At the Franck-Condon state, the resultant electron-hole pair is quite unstable, being easily dissipated into the two-dimensional electronic continuum, as plus and minus free carriers. However, by a small probability, the electron and the hole are bound as an inter-layer CT exciton. This exciton self-localizes, contracting the inter-layer distance and buckling the six membered ring of graphite, only around it. Thus a tiny sp3 nano-domain appears.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Materials Structure Science, KEK, Graduate University for Advanced Study and CREST JSTTsukubaJapan

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