Estimation of polonium radionuclides in proton irradiated lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) targets by LSC-TDCR technique and gamma spectrometry

Abstract.

An accurate knowledge on the production of radiotoxic polonium from proton irradiated lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) targets is essential for the use of LBE in accelerator driven systems or in next generation RIB facilities. In this paper, six LBE targets were irradiated at different proton energies from 8.95 to 21.95MeV. For the first time quantification of \( \alpha\) emitting 208, 210Po has been carried out in a proton irradiated lead-bismuth target, without radiochemical separation of Po radionuclides. The liquid scintillation counting along with triple to double coincidence ratio technique (LSC-TDCR) was used for the quantification of 208, 210Po . The \( \gamma\)-emitting 207Po was quantified by \( \gamma\)-ray spectrometry.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1

    D. Choudhury, S. Lahiri, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 137, 33 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    M. Maiti, K. Ghosh, T. Mendonca, T. Stora, S. Lahiri, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 302, 1003 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    T.E. Ward, P.P. Singh, D.L. Friesel, A. Yavin, A. Doron, J.M.D. Auria, G. Sheffer, M. Dilling, Phys. Rev. 24, 588 (1981)

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    J.M. Auria, M. Dombsky, G. Sheffer, T.E. Ward, H.J. Karwowski, A.I. Yavin, J.L. Clark, Phys. Rev. C 30, 1 (1984)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    M. Wohlmuther, M. Wagner, J. Nucl. Mat. 431, 10 (2012)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    L. Zanini, M. Andersson, P. Everaerts, M. Fallot, H. Franberg, F. Groschel, C. Jost, T. Kirchner, Y. Kojima, U. Koster, J. Lebenhaft, E. Manfrin, E. Pitcher, H. Ravn, Y. Tall, W. Wagner, M. Wohlmuther, in Proceedings of the International Conferance on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology Santa Fe, USA, 26 Sept.--1 Oct. (American Institute of Physics, 2004)

  7. 7

    Y. Tall, S. Cormon, M. Fallot, Y. Foucher, A. Guertin, T. Kirchner, L. Zanini, M. Andersson, K. Berg, H. Franberg, F. Groeschel, E. Manfrin, W. Wagner, M. Wohlmuther, P. Everaerts, U. Koester, H. Ravn, E. Noah Messomo, C. Jost, Y. Kojima, in Proceedings of the International Conferance on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology Nice, France, 22--27 April (EDP Sciences, 2007)

  8. 8

    B. Hammer, D. Schumann, J. Neuhausen, M. Wohlmuther, A. Turler, Nucl. Data Sheets 119, 280 (2014)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    P.J. Daly, P.F.D. Shaw, Nucl. Phys. 56, 322 (1964)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    K. Miyano, H. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 35, 953 (1973)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    K. Miyano, M. Sekikawa, T. Kaneko, M. Nomoto, Nucl. Phys. A 230, 98 (1974)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    K. Miyano, A. Tomoaki, H. Kudo, Y. Minoru, N. Hiromichi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 45, 1071 (1978)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    K. Miyano, H. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 35, 1277 (1973)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    B.L. Cohen, Phys. Rev. 100, 206 (1955)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    E. Kelly, UCRL report no. 1044 (1950)

  16. 16

    O.N. Vysotskii et al., Izv. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Fiz. 55, 153 (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    C.G. Andre, J.R. Huizenga, J.F. Mech, W.J. Ramler, E.G. Rauh, S.R. Rocklin, Phys. Rev. 101, 645 (1956)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Yu.E. Titarenko, O.V. Shvedov, M.M. Igumnov, S.G. Mashnik, E.I. Karpikhin, V.D. Kazaritsky, V.F. Batyaev, A.B. Koldobsky, V.M. Zhivun, A.N. Sosnin, R.E. Prael, M.B. Chadwick, T.A. Gabriel, M. Blann, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 414, 73 (1998)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    C. Birattari, E. Gadioli, A.M. Grassi Strini, G. Strini, G. Tagliaferri, L. Zetta, Nucl. Phys. A 166, 605 (1971)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Y.H. Chung, C.S. Lee, K.Y. Nahm, K.S. Joo, J.S. Chai, K.S. Chun, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 59, 1007 (2011)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21

    L. Mokhtari Onarj, N.S. Jung, M. Bakhtiari, A. Lee, H.S. Lee, Phys. Rev. C 95, 044609 (2017)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22

    D. Choudhury, S. Lahiri, N. Naskar, M. Delonca, T. Stora, J.P. Ramos, E. Aubert, A. Dorsival, J. Vollaire, R. Augusto, A. Ferrari, presented at the 9th International Conference on Isotopes (ICI), Doha, Qatar, 12--16 November, 2017

  23. 23

    J.F. Zeigler, J.P. Bierserk, U. Littmark, The Stopping and Ranges in Solids (Pergammon Press, New York, 1985)

  24. 24

    P. Cassette, J. Bouchard, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. A. 505, 72 (2003)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25

    J. Eikenberg, H. Beer, M. Jaggi, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 93, 64 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26

    H. Khaing, P. Thakur, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 314, 1383 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27

    S. Akozcan, F. Kulahci, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 315, 285 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28

    J. Neuhausen, U. Koster, B. Eichler, Radiochim. Acta 92, 917 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29

    B. Gonzalez Prieto, J. Van den Bosch, J.A. Martens, J. Neuhausen, A. Aerts, J. Nucl. Mat. 450, 299 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30

    B. Gonzalez Prieto, J. Lim, K. Rosseel, J.A. Martens, A. Aerts, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 309, 597 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31

    Chart of Nuclides, https://doi.org/www.nndc.bnl.gov/chart/ (last accessed October 08, 2018)

  32. 32

    A.J. Koning, D. Rochman, Nucl. Data Sheets 113, 2841 (2012)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Susanta Lahiri.

Additional information

Communicated by R.K. Bhandari

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Choudhury, D., Lahiri, S. Estimation of polonium radionuclides in proton irradiated lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) targets by LSC-TDCR technique and gamma spectrometry. Eur. Phys. J. A 54, 212 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2018-12646-7

Download citation