Advertisement

Sensitivity of low-energy incomplete fusion to various entrance-channel parameters

  • Harish Kumar
  • Suhail A. Tali
  • M. Afzal Ansari
  • D. Singh
  • Rahbar Ali
  • Kamal Kumar
  • N. P. M. Sathik
  • Asif Ali
  • Siddharth Parashari
  • R. Dubey
  • Indu Bala
  • R. Kumar
  • R. P. Singh
  • S. Muralithar
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract.

The disentangling of incomplete fusion dependence on various entrance channel parameters has been made from the forward recoil range distribution measurement for the 12C+175Lu system at \(\approx 88\) MeV energy. It gives the direct measure of full and/or partial linear momentum transfer from the projectile to the target nucleus. The comparison of observed recoil ranges with theoretical ranges calculated using the code SRIM infers the production of evaporation residues via complete and/or incomplete fusion process. Present results show that incomplete fusion process contributes significantly in the production of \(\alpha xn\) and \( 2\alpha xn\) emission channels. The deduced incomplete fusion probability (\(F_{ICF}\)) is compared with that obtained for systems available in the literature. An interesting behavior of \(F_{ICF}\) with \(Z_{P} Z_{T}\) is observed in the reinvestigation of incomplete fusion dependency with the Coulomb factor (\(Z_{P}Z_{T}\)), contrary to the recent observations. The present results based on (\(Z_{P}Z_{T}\)) are found in good agreement with recent observations of our group. A larger \(F_{ICF}\) value for 12C induced reactions is found than that for 13C, although both have the same \(Z_{P}Z_{T}\). A nonsystematic behavior of the incomplete fusion process with the target deformation parameter (\(\beta_{2}\)) is observed, which is further correlated with a new parameter (\(Z_{P} Z_{T} . \beta_{2}\)). The projectile \( \alpha\) -Q-value is found to explain more clearly the discrepancy observed in incomplete fusion dependency with parameters (\( Z_{P}Z_{T}\)) and (\(Z_{P} Z_{T} . \beta_{2}\)). It may be pointed out that any single entrance channel parameter (mass-asymmetry or (\(Z_{P}Z_{T}\)) or \(\beta_{2}\) or projectile \(\alpha\)-Q-value) may not be able to explain completely the incomplete fusion process.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Cavinato, E. Fabrici, E. Gadioli, E. Gadioli Erba, P. Vergani, M. Crippa, G. Colombo, I. Radaelli, Ripamonti, Phys. Rev. C 52, 2577 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B.S. Tomar, A. Goswami, A.V.R. Reddy, S.K. Das, P.P. Burte, S.B. Manohar, Bency John, Phys. Rev. C 49, 941 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B.S. Tomar, A. Goswami, G.K. Gubbi, A.V.R. Reddy, S.B. Manohar, Bency John, S.K. Kataria, Phys. Rev. C 58, 3478 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Gadioli, C. Birattari, M. Cavinato, E. Fabrici, E. Gadioli Erba, V. Allori, F. Cerutti, A. Di Filippo, S. Vailati, T.G. Stevens, S.H. Connee, J.P.F. Sellschop, F.M. Nortier, G.F. Steyn, C. Marchetta, Nucl. Phys. A 641, 271 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.Z. Buthelezi, E. Gadioli, G.F. Steyn, F. Albertini, C. Birattari, M. Cavinato, F. Cerutti, S.H. Connell, A.A. Cowley, E. Fabrici, E. Gadioli Erba, Nucl. Phys. A 734, 553 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Chakrabarty, B.S. Tomar, A. Goswami, G.K. Gubbi, S.B. Manohar, Anil Sharma, B. Bindu Kumar, S. Mukherjee, Nucl. Phys. A 678, 355 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Mukherjee, A. Sharma, S. Sodaye, A. Gowswami, B.S. Tomar, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 15, 237 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Mukherjee, A. Sharma, S. Sodaye, B.S. Tomar, A. Gowswami, S.B. Manohar, Eur. Phys. J. A 12, 199 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Manoj Kumar Sharma, Unnati, B.P. Singh, Rakesh Kumar, K.S. Golda, H.D. Bhardwaj, R. Prasad, Nucl. Phys. A 776, 83 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pushpendra P. Singh, B.P. Singh, M.K. Sharma, Unnati Gupta, Rakesh Kumar, D. Singh, R.P. Singh, S. Muralithar, M. Afzal Ansari, R. Prasad, R.K. Bhowmik, Phys. Lett. B 671, 20 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pushpendra P. Singh, Abhisek yadav, Vijay R. Sharma, Devendra P. Sing, Unnati Gupta, Manoj K. Sharma, R. Kumar, K.S. Golda, R.P. Singh, S. Muralithar, B.P. Singh, R.K. Bhowmik, R. Prasad, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 282, 012019 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Singh, R. Ali, M. Afzal Ansari, M.H. Rashid, R. Guin, S.K. Das, Phys. Rev. C 83, 054604 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abhishek Yadav, Vijay R. Sharma, Pushpendra P. Singh, Devendra P. Singh, Manoj K. Sharma, Unnati Gupta, R. Kumar, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, R.K. Bhowmik, Phys. Rev. C 85, 034614 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Abhishek Yadav, Vijay R. Sharma, Pushpendra P. Singh, R. Kumar, D.P. Singh, Unnati, M.K. Sharma, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, Phys. Rev. C 86, 014603 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Abhishek Yadav, Vijay R. Sharma, Pushpendra P. Singh, Devendra P. Singh, R. Kumar, Unnati, M.K. Sharma, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, R.K. Bhowmik, Phys. Rev. C 85, 064617 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kamal Kumar, Tauseef Ahmad, Sabir Ali, I.A. Rizvi, Avinash Agarwal, R. Kumar, A.K. Chaubey, Phys. Rev. C 88, 064613 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kamal Kumar, Tauseef Ahmad, Sabir Ali, I.A. Rizvi, Avinash Agarwal, R. Kumar, A.K. Chaubey, Phys. Rev. C 89, 054614 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Unnati Gupta, Puhpendra P. Singh, Devendra P. Singh, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Abhishek Yadav, R. Kumar, S. Gupta, H.D. Bhardwaj, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, Phys. Rev. C 80, 024613 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Singh, Rahbar Ali, M. Afzal Ansari, B.S. Tomar, M.H. Rashid, R. Guin, S.K. Das, Phys. Rev. C 79, 054601 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.C. Britt, A.R. Quinton, Phys. Rev. 124, 877 (1961)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Galin, B. Gatty, D. Guerreau, C. Rousset, U.C. Scholtthauer-Voos, X. Tarrago, Phys. Rev. C 9, 1126 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Inamura, M. Ishihara, T. Fakuda, T. Shimoda, Hiruta, Phys. Lett. B 68, 51 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. Udagawa, T. Tamura, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1311 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. Udagawa, D. Price, T. Tamura, Phys. Lett. B 116, 311 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Wilczynski, K. Siwek-Wilczynaska, J. Van-Driel, S. Gonggrijp, D.C.J.M. Hageman, R.V.F. Janssens, J. Lukasiak, R.H. Siemssen, S.Y. Van Der Werf, Nucl. Phys. A 373, 109 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Blann, Phys. Lett. 27, 337 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.P. Bondrof, J.N. De, G. Fai, A.O.T. Karvinen, J. Randrup, Nucl. Phys. A 333, 285 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M.I. Sobel, P.J. Siemens, J.P. Bondrof, H.A. Bethe, Nucl. Phys. A 251, 502 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Tricoire, C. Gerschel, A. Gillibert, N. Perrin, Z. Phys. A 306, 127 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rahbar Ali, D. Singh, M. Afzal Ansari, M.H. Rashid, R. Guin, S.K. Das, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 37, 115101 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    D. Singh, Rahbar Ali, M. Afzal Ansari, B.S. Tomar, M.H. Rashid, R. Guin, S.K. Das, Nucl. Phys. A 879, 107 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Harish Kumar, Shuail A. Tali, M. Afzal Ansari, D. Singh, Rahbar Ali, Kamal Kumar, N.P.M. Sathik, Siddharth Parashari, Asif Ali, R. Dubey, Indu Bala, Rakesh Kumar, R.P. Singh, S. Muralithar, Nucl. Phys. A 960, 53 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. Singh, R. Ali, M. Afzal Ansari, K. Surendra Babu, Pushpendra P. Singh, M.K. Sharma, B.P. Singh, Rishi K. Sinha, S. Muralithar, R.P. Singh, R.K. Bhowmik, Phys. Rev. C 81, 027602 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. Gerschel, Nucl. Phys. A 387, 297 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Morgenstern, W. Bohne, W. Galster, K. Grabisch, A. Kyanowski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1104 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. Morgenstern, W. Bohne, W. Galster, K. Grabisch, Z. Phys. A 324, 443 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mohd. Shuaib, Vijay R. Sharma, Abhishek Yadav, Pushpendra P. Singh, Manoj K. Sharma, Devendra P. Singh, R. Kumar, R.P. Singh, S. Murlithar, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, Phys. Rev. C 94, 014613 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Vijay R. Sharma, Abhishek Yadav, Pushpendra P. Singh, Devendra P. Singh, Sunita Gupta, M.K. Sharma, Indu Bala, R. Kumar, S. Murlithar, B.P. Singh, R. Prasad, Phys. Rev. C 89, 024608 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D.J. Hinde, M. Dasgupta, B.R. Fulton, C.R. Morton, R.J. Wooliscroft, A.C. Berriman, K. Hagino, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 272701 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.F. Ziegler, SRIM08, http://www.srim.org, The Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (2008)
  41. 41.
    P.M. Strudler, I.L. Preiss, R. Wolfgang, Phys. Rev. 154, 1126 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    FREEDOM, Data acquisition and analysis system designed to support the accelerator based experiments at the Inter University Accelerator Center (IUAC), New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    S.Y.F. Chu, L.P. Ekstrom, R.B. Firestone, The Lund/ LBNL Nuclear Data Search (LBNL, Berkeley, USA, Version 2.0, 1999) http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/index.asp
  44. 44.
    National Nuclear Data Centre, Brookhaven National Laboratory, https://www.nndc.bnl.gov/chart/chartNuc.jsp
  45. 45.
    M. Afzal Ansari, R.K.Y. Singh, M.L. Sehgel, V.K. Mittal, D.K. Avasthi, I.M. Govil, Ann. Nucl. Energy 11, 173 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Shuail A. Tali, Harish Kumar, M. Afzal Ansari, Asif Ali, D. Singh, Rahbar Ali, Pankaj. K. Giri, Sneha B. Linda, Siddharth Parashari, R. Kumar, R.P. Singh, S. Muralithar, Nucl. Phys. A 970, 208 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Sunita Gupta, B.P. Singh, M.M. Musthafa, H.D. Bhardwaj, R. Prasad, Phys. Rev. C 61, 064613 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    P. Moller, J.R. Nix, W.D. Myers, W.J. Swiatecki, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 59, 185 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S. Raman, C.W. Nestor, P. Tikkanen, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 78, 1 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    K. Surendra Babu, R. Tripathi, K. Sudarshan, S. Sodaye, A. Goswami, B.D. Shrivastava, B.S. Tomar, Nucl. Phys. A 739, 229 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harish Kumar
    • 1
  • Suhail A. Tali
    • 1
  • M. Afzal Ansari
    • 1
  • D. Singh
    • 2
  • Rahbar Ali
    • 3
  • Kamal Kumar
    • 1
  • N. P. M. Sathik
    • 4
  • Asif Ali
    • 1
  • Siddharth Parashari
    • 1
  • R. Dubey
    • 5
  • Indu Bala
    • 5
  • R. Kumar
    • 5
  • R. P. Singh
    • 5
  • S. Muralithar
    • 5
  1. 1.Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Department of PhysicsAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Applied PhysicsCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsG. F. (P. G.) CollegeShahajahanpurIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsJamal Mohammed CollegeTiruchirappalliIndia
  5. 5.Nuclear Physics GroupInter-University Accelerator CentreNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations