Decay properties of 256-339Ds superheavy nuclei

Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
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Abstract.

The decay properties of 84 isotopes of darmstadtium superheavy nuclei (Z = 110) have been studied using various theoretical models. The proton emission half-lives, the alpha decay half-lives, the spontaneous fission half-lives and the cluster decay half-lives of all the isotopes are evaluated. The one-proton emission half-lives and the alpha decay half-lives are predicted using the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). The calculated alpha half-lives are compared with the available experimental results as well as with the predictions of other theoretical models. The predicted half-lives matches well with the experimental results. The one-proton half-lives are also compared with the predictions using other formalisms. The shell-effect-dependent formula of Santhosh et al. has been employed for calculating the spontaneous fission half-lives. A theoretical comparison of spontaneous fission half-lives with four different formalisms is performed. By comparing the one-proton emission half-lives, the alpha decay half-lives and the spontaneous fission half-lives decay modes are predicted for all the isotopes of Ds. It is seen that the isotopes within the range \( 256 \le A \le 263\) and \( 279 \le A \le 339\) decay through spontaneous fission and the isotopes \( 264 \le A \le 278\) exhibit alpha decay. Cluster decay half-lives are calculated using different models including the Coulomb and proximity potential (CPPM), for determining the magicities in the superheavy region. The effect of magicity at N = 184 and N = 202 were confirmed from the plot of \( \log_{10}T_{1/2}\)versus neutron number of the daughter nuclei for the emission of different clusters. We hope that the systematic and detailed study of all the possible decay modes of 256-339Ds using various theoretical models will be helpful in the experimental identification of the isotopes of the element in the future.

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© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Pure and Applied PhysicsKannur UniversityPayyanurIndia

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