New limits on \(2 \varepsilon\), \(\varepsilon \beta^{+}\) and \(2 \beta^{+}\) decay of 136Ce and 138Ce with deeply purified cerium sample

  • P. Belli
  • R. Bernabei
  • R. S. Boiko
  • F. Cappella
  • R. Cerulli
  • F. A. Danevich
  • A. Incicchitti
  • B. N. Kropivyansky
  • M. Laubenstein
  • V. M. Mokina
  • O. G. Polischuk
  • V. I. Tretyak
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract.

A search for double electron capture (\(2\varepsilon\)), electron capture with positron emission (\(\varepsilon\beta^{+}\)), and double positron emission (\(2\beta^{+}\)) in 136Ce and 138Ce was realized with a 465 cm3 ultra-low background HP Ge \( \gamma\) spectrometer over 2299 h at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. A 627 g sample of cerium oxide deeply purified by liquid-liquid extraction method was used as a source of \(\gamma\) quanta expected in double \(\beta\) decay of the cerium isotopes. New improved half-life limits were set on different modes and channels of double \(\beta\) decay of 136Ce and 138Ce at the level of \(T_{1/2} > 10^{17} - 10^{18}\) yr.

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Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Belli
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Bernabei
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. S. Boiko
    • 3
    • 4
  • F. Cappella
    • 5
  • R. Cerulli
    • 6
  • F. A. Danevich
    • 3
  • A. Incicchitti
    • 5
    • 7
  • B. N. Kropivyansky
    • 3
  • M. Laubenstein
    • 6
  • V. M. Mokina
    • 3
    • 5
  • O. G. Polischuk
    • 3
  • V. I. Tretyak
    • 3
  1. 1.INFN sezione Roma “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Roma “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Institute for Nuclear ResearchKyivUkraine
  4. 4.National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  5. 5.INFN sezione RomaRomeItaly
  6. 6.INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoAssergi (AQ)Italy
  7. 7.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”RomeItaly

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