On the volatility of nihonium (Nh, Z = 113)

  • Nikolay V. Aksenov
  • Patrick Steinegger
  • Farid Sh. Abdullin
  • Yury V. Albin
  • Gospodin A. Bozhikov
  • Viktor I. Chepigin
  • Robert Eichler
  • Vyacheslav Ya. Lebedev
  • Alexander Sh. Madumarov
  • Oleg N. Malyshev
  • Oleg V. Petrushkin
  • Alexander N. Polyakov
  • Yury A. Popov
  • Alexey V. Sabel’nikov
  • Roman N. Sagaidak
  • Igor V. Shirokovsky
  • Maksim V. Shumeiko
  • Gennadii Ya. Starodub
  • Yury S. Tsyganov
  • Vladimir K. Utyonkov
  • Alexey A. Voinov
  • Grigory K. Vostokin
  • Alexander V. Yeremin
  • Sergey N. Dmitriev
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract.

Gas-phase chromatography studies of nihonium (Nh, \(Z=113\)) were carried out at the one-atom-at-a-time level. For the production of nihonium, the heavy-ion-induced nuclear fusion reaction of 48Ca with 243Am was used. This leads to isotopes 284,285Nh, as the direct descendants of the \(\alpha\)-decaying precursors 288,289Mc. Combining the Dubna Gas-Filled Recoil Separator with gas-phase chromatographic separation, the experiment was sensitive to elemental nihonium and its adsorption behavior on Teflon, theoretically predicted by modern relativistic density functional theory. The non-observation of any decays of Nh after the chemical separation indicates a larger than expected retention of elemental Nh on a Teflon surface.

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Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolay V. Aksenov
    • 1
  • Patrick Steinegger
    • 1
  • Farid Sh. Abdullin
    • 1
  • Yury V. Albin
    • 1
  • Gospodin A. Bozhikov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Viktor I. Chepigin
    • 1
  • Robert Eichler
    • 3
    • 4
  • Vyacheslav Ya. Lebedev
    • 1
  • Alexander Sh. Madumarov
    • 1
  • Oleg N. Malyshev
    • 1
  • Oleg V. Petrushkin
    • 1
  • Alexander N. Polyakov
    • 1
  • Yury A. Popov
    • 1
  • Alexey V. Sabel’nikov
    • 1
  • Roman N. Sagaidak
    • 1
  • Igor V. Shirokovsky
    • 1
  • Maksim V. Shumeiko
    • 1
  • Gennadii Ya. Starodub
    • 1
  • Yury S. Tsyganov
    • 1
  • Vladimir K. Utyonkov
    • 1
  • Alexey A. Voinov
    • 1
  • Grigory K. Vostokin
    • 1
  • Alexander V. Yeremin
    • 1
  • Sergey N. Dmitriev
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchFlerov Laboratory of Nuclear ReactionsDubnaRussia
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced Physical StudiesSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Paul Scherrer InstituteLaboratory of RadiochemistryVilligen PSISwitzerland
  4. 4.Universität BernDepartement für Chemie und BiochemieBernSwitzerland

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