Lifetime of rho meson in correlation with magnetic-dimensional reduction

Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


It is naively expected that in a strong magnetic configuration, the Landau quantization ceases the neutral rho meson to decay to the charged pion pair, so the neutral rho meson will be long-lived. To closely access this naive observation, we explicitly compute the charged pion loop in the magnetic field at the one-loop level, to evaluate the magnetic dependence of the lifetime for the neutral rho meson as well as its mass. Due to the dimensional reduction induced by the magnetic field (violation of the Lorentz invariance), the polarization (spin \(s_{z}=0,\pm 1\) modes of the rho meson, as well as the corresponding pole mass and width, are decomposed in a nontrivial manner compared to the vacuum case. To see the significance of the reduction effect, we simply take the lowest Landau level approximation to analyze the spin-dependent rho masses and widths. We find that the “fate” of the rho meson may be more complicated because of the magnetic-dimensional reduction: as the magnetic field increases, the rho width for the spin \(s_{z}=0\) starts to develop, reaches a peak, then vanishes at the critical magnetic field to which the folklore refers. On the other side, the decay rates of the other rhos for \(s_{z} = \pm 1\) monotonically increase as the magnetic field develops. The correlation between the polarization dependence and the Landau level truncation is also addressed.


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© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced ResearchNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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