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Large-scale liquid scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos

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Abstract.

Large-scale liquid scintillation detectors are capable of providing spectral yields of the low energy solar neutrinos. These detectors require > 100 tons of liquid scintillator with high optical and radiopurity. In this paper requirements for low-energy neutrino detection by liquid scintillation are specified and the procedures to achieve low backgrounds in large-scale liquid scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos are reviewed. The designs, operations and achievements of Borexino, KamLAND and SNO+ in measuring the low-energy solar neutrino fluxes are reviewed.

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Correspondence to Jay B. Benziger.

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Communicated by C. Broggini

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Benziger, J., Calaprice, F. Large-scale liquid scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos. Eur. Phys. J. A 52, 81 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2016-16081-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2016-16081-6

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