Localization of current oscillations and synchronization patterns in microchip-based dual electrode flow cell without resistance balancing
- 4 Downloads
The spatiotemporal patterns formed in a two-electrode cell are investigated with oscillatory nickel electrodissolution in a microfluidic flow channel. Because the distances of the two working electrodes to the reference/counter electrodes at the end of the flow channel are different, there is an underlying dynamical heterogeneity that occurs in the form of different solution resistance. When the electrodes are placed far apart, due to the large heterogeneity, localized current oscillation on upstream or downstream electrode is observed. It is found that the other confounding factor in the generated patterns is the electrical coupling strength, that can be tuned by the distance between the electrodes. As the distance is increased (and the coupling strength is decreased), a transition from (nearly) in-phase synchronized oscillations through no synchrony to anti-phase current oscillations occurs. The localization of oscillatory behavior is explained with a two-parameter stability analysis by a bifurcation diagram of a single electrode. An ordinary differential equation model is derived to predict oscillatory patterns at different placement and all experimental findings can be reproduced. The results thus demonstrate the use of coupled ordinary differential equations modeling approach to the description of self-organized temporal and spatial features of the micro-scale electrochemical system.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.K. Krischer, in Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, edited by B.E. Conway, J.O.M. Bockris, R.E. White (Springer, Boston, 1999), Vol. 32, p. 1 Google Scholar
- 3.I.Z. Kiss, T. Nagy, V. Gáspár, in Solid State Electrochemistry II, edited by V.V. Kharton (Wiley-, Weinheim, 2011), p. 125 Google Scholar
- 4.M. Orlik, Self-Organization in Electrochemical Systems I: General Principles of Self-organization. Temporal Instabilities, 1st edn. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2012) Google Scholar
- 7.K. Krischer, H. Varela, Handbook of Fuel Cells, edited by W. Vielstich, A. Lamm, H.A. Gasteiger (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 2010) Google Scholar
- 8.M. Orlik, Self-Organization in Electrochemical Systems II: Spatiotemporal Patternsand Control of Chaos, 1st edn. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2012) Google Scholar
- 23.A.J. Bard, L.R. Faulkner, Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd edn. (Wiley, New York, 2001) Google Scholar
- 35.A. Pikovsky, M. Rosenblum, J. Kurths, Synchronization: A Universal Concept in Nonlinear Sciences, 1st edn. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001) Google Scholar
- 37.B. Ermentrout, Simulating, Analyzing, and Animating Dynamical Systems: A Guide to XPPAUT for Researchers and Students (SIAM, Philadelphia, 2002) Google Scholar
- 38.E.J. Doedel, R.C. Paffenroth, A.R. Champneys, T.F. Fairgrieve, Y.A. Kuznetsov, B.E. Oldeman, B. Sandstede, X. Wang, AUTO 2000: Continuation and bifurcation software for ordinary differential equations (with HomCont). Technical Report, California Institute of Technology, 2001 Google Scholar